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Episode 16

Adam is impressed by how much you know about London. In Newcastle, Carolina meets a horrible customer in the shop and that's just the start of a very bad day.

Elementary Podcasts



Language level

Intermediate: B1


I'm new here and English is my second language. Does anybody know the difference between using "which+past tense verb" vs. using an -ing verb"? For example, what is the difference between saying "The court issued an Order which directed Peter to produce the evidence." vs. "The court issued an Order directing Peter to produce the evidence." I will really appreciate being enlightened on this.

Hello znette2005,

Welcome to LearnEnglish!  These two structures - a relative clause and a participle clause - are very similar, and in the examples you provide there is no difference in meaning.  There are some limitations to when we can use (present) participle clauses: they must have an active meaning, not passive; the time reference is always the same as the main verb (whereas a relative clause can refer to a different time to the main clause); and they must have a continuous meaning.

For more information on participle clauses take a look at this page.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi peter. Im aaron again. If you say very very very bad day or very very very pretty it is not nice to hear, right? So what can you substitute for the word very? Thank you!!

Hello Peter. How can i use the word catch up? Please give me some examples! Thank you!!

Hello Aaron,

I'd suggest that you use a dictionary to look up "catch up". I've just searched for it using the Cambridge Dictionaries Online search box (on the right side of this page) and saw that there are several entries there. Not only do they provide definitions, but also examples.

Regarding your other question, you're right that it is a bit unusual to repeat the word "very", though occasionally people will do so for emphasis. I'd suggest that you look at our intensifiers page, where you'll find some other words with a similar meaning and use.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

I have visited India for 40 days. Although it was short period of time, I felt homesick. When I feel a bit down I start crying a lot, but I try to be patient and strong . There are many things we can do when we have frustrated sense. First pray and read Qur’an or whatever your holy book. Second, eat or drink sweet foods like chocolate or fruits which makes you feel better. Third ,do any practice such as walking, swimming, and dancing. This will change your mood. Fourth, talk to your friends about your feelings or to any one ready to listen to you.

Hello, sir Kirk thanks a lot yes all of your suggastion tha's enough really useful,
But I try to tell here my experience about using Google translate just for practicing writing English I do it by as I tell below :
I try to play some audio lesson by my audio player then when I hear one of the sentence I stop the player and I type that sentence on the Google translate , I use Google's smart because when I write it , If I have had any mistake Google suggest, the correct word if I have a mistake , so I try to explain it but maybe I couldn't describe it complete so If you fond up how I do practice it my writing and if there is any suggestion , I'll be happy to use it, thanks for any idea ,

Hello , Sir peter , I saw that your kindly suggestions really it was very helpful and I do try to practice all the time of my free time to learn , I find out some English cource on the internet and ofcourse I use all of this site record too , I have it site record in my cell-phone too and I'll try to use it , I know all of record will be helpful for all user they need it , and I have an experience about typing English too , my means that about dictation I have found some audio course and I write it on the Google translate , that's very useful when I write a sentence Google know is this all my word correct or no, and I'll try to change it my mistake and I'll correct my error , and this Google translate is very helpful , anyway to improve my speaking skill I 'll try to use this site record and other corse that I have download it on the internet , I think you find out my experience about practising and is there is any suggestion .thanks a lot

Hi Rastgar,

What Peter recommends is extremely effective for most people, so I'd suggest you try it. Your own methods also sound good, though I'd be careful with Google translate, as it is frequently not accurate. It's better than nothing if you don't understand a sentence, but I wouldn't recommend that you use it as a way of verifying what you produce in English is correct.

As you try what Peter recommends, if you have any questions, please feel free to ask us, or if after following his method for several weeks you don't feel you're improving, please write to us again and explain what's happening - we'll be happy to try to help you. But I really think you'll learn a lot this way - another user just told us that he's learned enough to be able to watch videos that he couldn't understand at all just eight months ago!

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, everyone all friendly person working here , I'm a new user and I want to improve my English here by using your helping I don't know how should I write or talk Just I would to improve my English skill to talking and writing , I verey willing to learn English perfectly, so by thanking a lot I need your help If I have wrote unusual sorry about , that is my poor English not my manner .