Ramadan is a holy month for Muslims. What happens during Ramadan and what does it mean to millions of Muslims worldwide?

Do the preparation task first. Then read the article and do the exercises.


What is Ramadan?

Ramadan is a very special time for Muslims all over the world. Observing Ramadan is one of the five 'pillars' of Islam. During Ramadan, all Muslims over the age of about 12, with some exceptions, are expected to fast between dawn and sunset.  

When does it take place?

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, which follows the phases of the moon. This means the dates of Ramadan change each year. The month starts when the new crescent moon is first visible in the night sky. Fasting ends with the arrival of the next lunar month, which starts with the first glimpse of the new crescent moon.

How do people fast?

During Ramadan, the day starts early so that people can eat a pre-fast meal before dawn. This meal, called Suhoor, is important as it will keep them going through the day. During daylight hours, fasting Muslims cannot eat food or drink water or any other drinks. In late spring or early summer, this is particularly difficult as the day can be very long. People who live in polar regions, where daylight can last 22 hours or more, can choose to follow the dawn and sunset times in Mecca or a nearby country where the sky is dark at night.  

Are all Muslims expected to fast?

Not all Muslims are expected to fast. Children under the age of 12, people who are travelling, elderly people, pregnant women and others where it may affect their health are exempt. Those who can't fast for any reason can offer to feed poor people for each day they miss during Ramadan.

What happens at sunset?

People can eat and drink again once the sun has set. The traditional way to break the fast is by eating dates and drinking a glass of water. Then, the evening meal, Iftar, is a social event that can go on for hours. It is common for people to eat together in large groups of family and friends. Special foods are prepared and shared, and desserts are particularly popular. Muslims often include charity in Iftar as well, sharing Iftar with members of the community who cannot buy or make their own food. Across the Muslim world, mosques and aid organisations set up tents and tables for the public in poorer communities to eat free Iftar meals every night of Ramadan.

Why do people fast?

Muslims fast during Ramadan to bring them closer to God and to remind them of the suffering of people who are less fortunate than themselves. Fasting is an exercise in self-control. As well as not eating, drinking or smoking, Muslims try to avoid bad actions, like talking about people behind their backs or using bad language. Ramadan is a time for people to work on being more patient, more tolerant and more mindful of the people around them. It is a moment to reflect and work on being better people.

Many Muslims also donate money to charities during the month, and a lot of Islamic charities organise food packs for people in poorer countries or refugee camps. Giving donations to charity, known as Zakat, is particularly important during the holy month, and so is prayer, meditation and reading the Qur'an.

How is the end of Ramadan celebrated?

Eid ul-Fitr marks the end of the month of fasting. There are many Eid traditions, mainly centred around family, food, generosity and festivities. On Eid ul-Fitr, Muslims wake up early and dress in their finest clothes to attend the Eid prayers. After prayers, they wish each other a happy Eid ('Eid Mubarak' in Arabic) before spending the rest of the day with their extended families, enjoying good food and sharing gifts with children and loved ones.


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Submitted by jijdada on Sun, 17/03/2024 - 22:52


salam alakom!

as a muslim i observe Ramadan every year , it's a month of religious worship wich makes you in front of spiritual moment and reinforced the positive energy on you .

happy ramadan 

Submitted by Mife on Thu, 14/03/2024 - 22:02


i'm very happy for learn about this culture. So great!

Submitted by youxiang on Mon, 11/03/2024 - 12:31


me as a muslim of indonesia i really like ramadhan especially when ramadhan comes i can meet my family and fasting together.

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Submitted by Wadahaßßß on Mon, 26/06/2023 - 11:08


Do you observe Ramadan ?
yes I do . I am Muslim.

Submitted by Nasro09 on Wed, 31/05/2023 - 22:44


As a Muslim, I observe Ramadan as a sacred month of fasting, prayer, reflection, and self-discipline. It is a time when I join millions of Muslims around the world in abstaining from food, drink, and other physical needs from dawn until sunset.
Ramadan holds great significance in our faith, as it is believed to be the month when the Quran was first revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It is a time of spiritual purification, increased devotion, and a chance to deepen our connection with Allah.
Throughout Ramadan, I strive to engage in acts of charity, seek forgiveness, and spend time in prayer and contemplation.

Submitted by ANOUAR on Mon, 10/04/2023 - 00:14


I really like Ramadan because it has special customs and traditions, you see people do good things like quiting smooking, help poor people and forgive others also when Eid Elfeter comes you see people happy and combined with their families

Submitted by Ibrahimyousef on Wed, 05/04/2023 - 14:16


Actually, I observed ramadan every year's also observed crescent moon in the started month and I am very happy to fast .

Submitted by _kani_4 on Thu, 30/03/2023 - 06:14


Hello 👋 everyone. I'm observe Ramadan every year. It's very important in our life. Ramadan teaches us only good things. it teaches you to go the right way.

Submitted by aysezim on Thu, 30/03/2023 - 06:14


do you observe?
yes,because i'm a muslim and
i observe,and think that this month is very special,cause people in this moth is very kind,fasting is not difficult, I have been fasting since I was 14.

Submitted by Duisheeva Ai on Thu, 30/03/2023 - 06:09


hello everyone my name is islam I observe fast becouse i am a muslim I have to do it I have very good health