Heritage is GREAT - Part 2

Richard goes even further back in time – 4,500 years back! With the help of Susan Greaney, he investigates one of Britain's greatest and most mysterious sites – Stonehenge.


Canterbury and Exeter cathedrals also boast magnificent architecture and attract visitors from around the world.


Some historic treasures date back even further.

Stonehenge… This giant circle of stones stands out as one of Britain’s most famous and visited historical sites. Dating back thousands of years, its origins still remain a mystery and that's why it’s still so popular.

Susan Greaney is a historian.

Richard: Susan, what is Stonehenge?

Susan: Stonehenge is a prehistoric stone monument built about four and a half thousand years ago in what we call the Neolithic period. We think it was probably used as some kind of temple.

Richard: So why is it so important?

Susan: Well, Stonehenge is unique in the world. It's an incredibly complex monument and it's amazing that it's survived from so long ago.

Richard: Now you also do research here, so what have you discovered about the site?

Susan: Stonehenge has got lots and lots of secrets and archaeology is trying to reveal them the whole time. One of the most recent things we've been doing is a laser survey of the standing stones and that's telling us lots of new detail about how the stones were carved, and how they were set up, and the kinds of carvings and graffiti that are on the stones.

Richard: Tell me one of the famous myths around the circle.

Susan: Well, there's a really interesting myth about the fact that the stones were brought here from Ireland by the wizard Merlin and that was a myth that was popular in the medieval period. Actually, we know that some of the smaller blue stones here do come from the west, from Wales, so there's an element of truth underneath the myth.

So there you go. What a great heritage Britain has, as seen here at Stonehenge. I'm off to explore some more.

Task 1

Which is the best title for the video?


Task 2

Watch again, and complete these notes with one word or a number.


Task 3

Reorder the words to make sentences. 


Task 4

Choose the three words which will fit into the spaces.


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Submitted by Maria Letizia 9 on Thu, 04/04/2019 - 10:18

I would like to advise that this video does not work. I saw it last year and used it for a lesson about Stonhenge and the class liked it a lot, so I would like to use it again, but I can't. Could you fix it?
Hello Maria, I'm sorry to hear you're having problems with the video. I've checked the page and it seems to be working correctly, so I imagine it is a compatibility issue. The video is an mp4 format, so check your device/browser can play this. It's a good idea to try accessing the page on several devices to see if that helps, and to ensure that all devices/systems are fully updated, of course. Peter The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Marcos Martins on Thu, 12/07/2018 - 20:58

To be honest, I have no idea of what the oldest monument from my culture is. But yes, I think the government should spend money, because it's our history. And I think that it's very important to know about our past.

Submitted by btriton on Mon, 21/05/2018 - 13:33

The oldest monument in my culture is Caral, was built around one thousand years ago, sorry I have never visit this place , but I will do soon, I don't believe that the government are spending money to discover new places like this, The private activity should be carrying out this job for sure.

Submitted by Faith8280 on Tue, 01/08/2017 - 13:27

thanks for this site's holders ...i had 2 days of study now ..preparing for IELTS you have been very helpful ..with fun and easy interface and printables as well

Hello Faith8280,

Have you seen our IELTS section or TakeIELTS? There are even more resources specifically designed for IELTS preparation there. Good luck on the IELTS! 

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Nizam Balinese on Wed, 28/06/2017 - 09:19

Hello, everyone.. ☆ What is the oldest monument in your culture? - Indonesia has a culture dating back to ancient times and is home to an impressive array of monuments. Gunung Padang Pyramid in Indonesia is the largest Megalithic complex in Southeast Asia. The pyramid consists of five ascending terraces, constructed throughout several eras between 5.000 BC and possibly as far back as 20.000 BC. Aside from the upper-most terrace of the structure, the padang pyramid remains buried underground. ☆ Have you ever been there? - No, I've never been there, maybe one day. ☆ Is it worth spending goverment money to find out more about sites like these? - Yes it is. I completely agree that it's really a worth job. It's true that every year billions of dolars are spent in archeological excavation and research worldwide but its result is that we get a vastly more complete answer to questions of "How did we get here?". We do get something out of it more than just 'tourism'. We get an understanding of human history and relations and we get evidence illustrating the extent and movements of various people leading up to the present day.