Multicultural Britain

Notting Hill Carnival grew out of Caribbean traditions. Today, it is an event where all cultures come together. As Nick’s been finding out, the UK truly is multicultural.

Do the Preparation task first. Then watch the video. Next go to Task and do the activity. If you need help, you can read the Transcript at any time.

Preparation

Before you watch

Think about the following questions:

  • Have you ever visited or lived somewhere with a different culture?
  • How multicultural is the place where you live?
  • Is there more immigration to or emigration from your country?

Now, watch the video to find out more about multicultural Britain.

Transcript

Transcript

This is Southall Broadway in West London. This area has one of the largest Asian populations in London. The United Kingdom is an ethnically diverse country with many different communities that reflects the multicultural nature of Britain. Many British people’s families originally come from overseas. Over the centuries, people from around the world have come to live here.

The first significant wave of immigrants arrived by ship from Jamaica in 1948. The Notting Hill Carnival celebrates this Caribbean culture. 

In the 1950s and 60s, Indian, Bangladeshi and Pakistani families made Britain their home. Asian Ugandan refugees fled here in the 1970s. Followed by Somalis in the 90s. And in recent years, Eastern European citizens have arrived in search of work.

This cultural variety makes Britain a vibrant place to be, but it’s not without its problems. Conflicts can arise between cultures and generations. Young people whose parents or grandparents settled here have a very different experience of growing up to their parents.

.....

Sunny Grewel and his father Avinda live in Southall. Avinda came here from Kenya in the 70’s. Sunny was born here.

Nick: Avinda, what was life like when you first came here?

Avinda: It was hard. There was no jobs for, for people like us.

Nick: And what’s life like now, for young people, Sunny?

Avinda: I think we’re very much a part of the communities and government and everything, so it’s a lot more equal for everyone.

Nick: What are the main arguments between the younger and older generations?

Avinda: When they were small, I wouldn’t let him wear these earrings and have a long ponytail. They have to look smart.

Nick: And what’s the best thing about living here, Sunny?

Sunny: The food, the different cultures that come in and bring their spices, their experiences and even their rituals, so you get a taste of the world within this small community.

.....

In the past, differences between communities have led to violence. But new community-based projects have brought different generations and cultures together.

Here at St Mary’s School in Cardiff in Wales, more than 20 languages are spoken. It’s one of the most multicultural schools in Wales. The school was involved with a project called 'Open Cities'. It helps migrants, people from other countries, become part of the community. The school children took pictures of people and places to show what it's like to live in Cardiff.

Some of the kids are featured in an exhibition called Open Cities Faces.

.....

Mercy and Joy and their father Derek are originally from Zambia. They have lived here for six years. 

Nick: Derek, tell me why you came to Cardiff and why you took part in this project.

Derek: I am an Engineering Consultant. I came to Cardiff because I was offered a job here. This project was a good thing because it was trying to show something positive about migration and integration.

Nick: Why is Mercy photographed by a window?

Derek: Because the photographer wanted to find a way to show the hopes for our future – the better life that we look towards.

Nick: But there’s a lot of shadow in that photograph, as well.

Derek: Yes, the shadow is deliberate to try to show our past, where we’ve come from.

Nick: And do you consider Cardiff to be your home now?

Derek: Yes. We are part of the local community, we have settled down and we think Cardiff is great.

Projects like ‘Open Cities’ can bring people in the community together and give young people hope for the future. 

Task 1

Vocabulary Task

Match the words in the box with the descriptions underneath.

Exercise

Task 2

Vocabulary Task

Read the questions and select the correct answers.

Exercise

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Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Mon, 06/12/2021 - 20:33

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Hello. Could you please help me? I have been reading about the difference between "bias", "prejudice", "discrimination" and "stereotype", but I can't tell the difference? For example, I can't choose the correct answer in the following sentence. I think both words are OK, right?
- It is a (prejudice - stereotype) to think that women always do housework.
Please, some clear explanations as you are my reliable source.
Thank you.

Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

There are some differences.
'Bias' is a preference for one or more options. It's often used to suggest that a person is not being objective but it can simply mean that a person has a preference:
> You gave her a better mark in the exam because she's your sister's friend and you're biased!
> I always choose Italian food if I can. I guess I'm biased because I lived in Bologna for a few years.

'Prejudice' usually means a negative feeling or opinion towards a particular group or type which is not exists outside of any specific situation. For example, someone who hates people of a particular ethnicity, religion or gender is prejudiced.

'Discrimination' is the act of treating one person or group worse than others because of who they are and not giving them a fair chance. If a person is unable to get a job because they live on a particular street with a bad reputation then they are being discriminated against. Discrimination is an act which is caused by some form of prejudice.

A stereotype is an oversimplified image of a particular group which takes certain perceived characteristics and exaggerates them. Stereotypes are often negative and used for mockery. When people use stereotypes they are not treating people as individuals.

In your sentence, I think 'prejudice' is the best choice because you are describing a belief. Strictly speaking, 'stereotype' would describe the view of women itself, not the process of thinking:
> It is a stereotype that women always do housework.

However, people often use these words in ways which blur the boundaries between thought, action and image.

Peter
The LearnEnglish Team

Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Sat, 05/06/2021 - 21:33

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Hello. Could you please help me with the following question: - The printer has been broken for a week so she couldn't have printed out the report. That means..... a- we draw the conclusion that she did not do it b- perhaps she had the possibility but she didn't do c- we know it was impossible for her to do it. d- she didn't think about printing the report. Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

I think both (a) and (c) are accurate here. Couldn't have in the original sentence tells us that it was not possible for her to print the report, so (c) is clearly true. Once we know that, (a) becomes also true as it is the only logical conclusion.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Wed, 02/06/2021 - 10:06

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Hello. Could you please explain the difference between the following two sentences? - Tomorrow, you can eat free. - Tomorrow you can eat freely. Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

Meaning is highly context-dependent, but in general the first one means you can eat without paying for the food and the second one means you can eat whatever you want (for example, if you're following a diet that restricts what you can eat most of the time, but not tomorrow).

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Sat, 22/05/2021 - 18:02

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Hello. Could you please help me? Which one is correct or both are? Why? - Bring me something to drink (other - rather) than coffee, please? Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

Both are grammatically possible, but something other than is a frequent collocation and this is the best (most natural-sounding) option for this context.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Wed, 12/05/2021 - 10:22

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Hello. Is the following sentence has the correct preposition? - Pancakes are always made of flour, egg and milk. Thank you.
Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Sun, 02/05/2021 - 21:36

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Hello Team. First, I have been looking through different dictionaries. However, I'm confused about how to differentiate between "atmosphere of" and "climate of". for example: - (An atmosphere - A climate) of optimism dominated the conference. Is there a way to use them correctly or just collocations? Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

My sense is that 'climate' and 'atmosphere' are quite similar, though 'climate' can perhaps refer to a larger situation more often than 'atmosphere'. 'a flood' is similar to 'a lot of', though suggests that the situation is a bit out of control, i.e.'too many'. I'd suggest comparing the example sentences in the dictionary.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Sun, 18/04/2021 - 22:02

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Hello. Could you help me? I have just read the following sentence: - You can earn serious money working as a professional footballer. Is it correct to describe "money" using "serious"? If so, what is the meaning? Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

One of the meanings of 'serious' is 'extreme in degree or amount', and that's the meaning here. This is a somewhat informal usage of the word and is not uncommon.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Thu, 15/04/2021 - 21:27

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Hello Team. Could you please help me. Is the following sentence correct using "vanish"? If not, why? - The sun slowly vanished over the horizon. Thank you.

Submitted by Wasiu Giwa on Wed, 14/04/2021 - 13:44

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I saw Ghana Baa, the most popular Ghana drummer, in concert.

Submitted by Wasiu Giwa on Mon, 12/04/2021 - 16:20

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I did a holiday job, in the office of the environment officer, in Wembly, when she organised the black community group for the festival. Our lunch was delicious. I was then a return to school student at Jenischgymnasium/Hermanneum in Hamburg.
The lunch while working for the environment officer in Wembly, was like the meal we had when I participated in the yearly London councillors hiking, also as a return to school student at Jenischgymnasium/Hermanneum, which was in the local area press.
Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Sun, 28/03/2021 - 22:54

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Hello Team. Could you please explain if there is any difference between "light" and "lighting"? Also, In the following sentence, Are they interchangeable? - The (light - lighting) in the hall was enough for me to read my newspaper. Thank you.

Hi Ahmed Imam,

Lighting usually refers to non-natural lighting (i.e., light produced by equipment, such as lamps on a film set or in a room), while light can be natural or non-natural light.

So, in this sentence, both words work fine, but if it refers to sunlight in the hall, I would use light. If it refers to electric light, either word is OK.

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Thu, 11/02/2021 - 09:45

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Hello. Could you please help me? Which word is correct in the following sentence? Why? - Accountants help people with their (finances - finance). I think both of them are correct here, right? Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

I'd say 'finances' here, and not 'finance'. 'finances' usually refers to money, but it can also refer to the way someone manages money. 'finance' usually refers to the management of money more than the money itself. In one dictionary entry I saw that 'finance' can also refer to money, but this usage sounds a little odd to me.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Sun, 31/01/2021 - 06:21

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Hi, team. I'm confused about the difference between "gap" and "hole". For example: - We can see the sky through a (gap - hole) in the roof. What is the correct word in such a context? Thank you all in advance

Hello Ahmed Imam,

In general, a gap is a space between two larger objects -- think of, for example, the space between a train and the platform. That space runs the whole length of the train and is the separation between the two objects.

A hole is usually the space inside a single object. A window, for example, is essentially a hole in a wall.

In the case of your sentence, 'hole' is probably the best choice.

Hope this helps.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Fri, 04/12/2020 - 07:20

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Hello. Could you please help me? What's wrong with the following sentence? Why? - Before trying on shoes, you should always wear socks. Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

I think you need to use the verb 'put on' rather than 'wear'.

When you have a time reference like 'before' you need to refer to a particular action which you could take. You could use 'wear' if the sentence referred to a general state rather than an action:

Before trying on shoes, you should always put socks on.

When trying on shoes, you should always be wearing socks.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Fri, 17/01/2020 - 16:40

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Hello. Could you please help me? Which adjective is correct in the following sentence? How can I use them correctly? - The Clarence Hotel in Exeter is a (historic - historical) one in England. Thank you.
Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Wed, 06/02/2019 - 03:59

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Could you please help me? I looked up the words "mark" and "stain". However, in the following sentence, I can't decide the difference in usage. - The bark of the tree had made black (stains - marks) on his trousers. I appreciate your helping me. Thank you so much.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

'Mark' is a very general word. You can make marks on a page with a pen or on a wall with a stone. The weather can leave marks on clothes and time leaves marks on your face.

'Stain' is more specific. It is usually negative (something you do not want) and it is not just on the outside, but in some way has combined with the material so it is hard to remove. Paint leaves stains on your clothes, for example.

In your example I think 'stain' is probably the best choice.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Profile picture for user Ahmed Imam

Submitted by Ahmed Imam on Wed, 06/02/2019 - 03:52

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Could you please help me? What is the difference between "sculpture" and "carving"? In the following sentence, can we use both? - I read a book about the history of European painting and (sculpture - carving). Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

 

Carving in the artistic sense refers to a way of making something by scraping away parts of it. The material is usually hard rather than soft. Carving is one technique in scultpure. When used as a noun, carving usually describes a pattern made in something flat or small, such as a wall or a piece of wood.

 

Sculpture has a broad meaning. It creates free-standing forms which can be abstract or representational (especially of people). Examples include the Moai from Easter Island, the Venus of Willendorf, the Angel of the North and Michelangelo's David.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

So, do you mean that both words are OK in this sentence or only one of them? Thank you

Hello again Ahmed Imam

I'm afraid neither Peter nor I can say without knowing more about the book that you're referring to. Usually a book that addresses painting will probably also look at sculpture in general (rather than just carving), but as I said, that really depends on what the book is about.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team