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The City of London

Nick talks about the history of The Thames and then is shown around a houseboat on the river. Later, he meets some artists who create incredible images of London in the future.

Do the Preparation task first. Then watch the video. Next go to Task and do the activity. If you need help, you can read the Transcript at any time.

Task 1

Comprehension Task

Fill in the gaps in the sentences with the words from the box.


Task 2

Comprehension Task

Read the questions about the video and select the right answers.



Language level

Intermediate: B1


The rivers are very important in human history which its times goes back to our oldest anchestors. Riviers calls and brings people to live specially settling first towns and ancient cities. We can see and understand life began side by rivers as ragular ppl need fresh water to drink, clean and cook foods, get shower and cleans our bodies, given water to animals etc many area river water has been used. Every city has a river side by own its location. You cannot build your city seaside without a river pass near that city cause you cannot live just drinking salty sea waters. At least you need a drinkeable water to live and survive.
We can say, example; Nile river is so important for ancient Egypt kings and emperors and they build their cities, kingdoms, emperoror pyramides around Nile river. An another samples; Euphrat and Tigris river builded the first human civilisations, cities either. Other rivers and its cities can be say; Thames-London, Amazon river Brasil, yellow river China, Danube gives a long line all europen way and finally embrace and reach to black sea where ending point. In my country several river name I can type here; Yes beginning points of legendary Euphrat and Tigris in eastern Turkey and both goes down to Mesopotamia terras the neighbour countries Syria and Irak up to Basra bay. Other river names, Meandros River, Redriver, Beskonak River, Amanos, Ceyhan and Seyhan river some of them.

Could you explain to me the meaning of "Run-down" in this sentence: "But by the 1980’s, most of the docks had closed and the area became run-down."
I didn't really get it.
Thank you.

Hello everybody, yes I have a famous river in my country the name of this river is Danube,
this River it goes through seven country and four capitals,it's start in Germany somewhere in the mountain and it's ends in my country where is overflowinge in the Dark sea.
If I would like to living on the River in a boat, no way. I think it's too complicated for me to live there and I think you don't have all the facilities that you can have in appropriate house, I like to go to the to ride the boat on the River or on the sea but I don't like to live there

thank you

we understand you teacher thank you for stiven and two guys ...


i visited my uncle house there times this week ^_^

Hello British Council,

Question 6 in Task 1 says,

When water gets very cold it freezes but when it warms up again, it starts to melt.

Generally, the verb "start" follows a gerund, like start melting. Can you please explain the usage of "start to melt" in the question?



Hello Haseeq1143,

Some verbs are followed by to + infinitive, some by verb-ing and some can be followed by either.

'Start' is a verb which can be followed by either form. Like 'begin' and 'continue', it can be followed by either to + infinitive or verb-ing with no change in meaning. This is quite unusual: generally verbs which can be followed by either form have a different meaning with each.

You can read more about verbs followed by these forms on this page and this page.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Rivers bring water to the city, are good for communication and transport.
There are two main rivers in my country : Dumbea River and Tontouta River, but there are many others.
I'd like to live on a river for a short time but not for life. I don't know why.

thank you

Hi, I m very sorry to bother you but I need to know the right word choice here.
1. The giraffe is a nice animal. 2. Giraffes are nice animals.
Are they in the same meaning with just little difference or one of them is wrong?
Thank you in advance.