Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Do you know the difference between bored and boring? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

Look at these examples to see how adjectives ending in -ed and -ing are used.

I was really bored in that presentation.
That was a really boring presentation.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Grammar test 1: Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Adjectives that end in -ed (e.g. bored, interested) and adjectives that end in -ing (e.g. boring, interesting) are often confused.

-ed adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ed generally describe emotions – they tell us how people feel.

I was so bored in that lesson, I almost fell asleep.
He was surprised to see Helen after all those years.
She was really tired and went to bed early.

-ing adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ing generally describe the thing that causes the emotion – a boring lesson makes you feel bored.

Have you seen that film? It's really frightening.
I could listen to her for hours. She's so interesting.
I can't sleep! That noise is really annoying!

Here are some adjectives that can have both an -ed and an -ing form.

annoyed annoying
bored boring
confused confusing
disappointed disappointing
excited exciting
frightened frightening
interested interesting
surprised surprising
tired tiring
worried worrying

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Grammar test 2: Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Average: 4.4 (169 votes)

Submitted by Itsmesvvd on Wed, 08/07/2020 - 18:37

Great and simple explanation. Thanks!

Submitted by Marioara Bordei on Wed, 01/07/2020 - 02:55

Was very interesting to do this exercises.

Submitted by Mwana on Fri, 19/06/2020 - 14:57

It was an interesting exercise

Submitted by Chetan posani on Mon, 15/06/2020 - 18:45

Thanks for the practice.

Submitted by Chetan posani on Mon, 15/06/2020 - 18:42

Hi, I got a certificate and a gold medal because I got first in SOS in British council in India.

Submitted by Mika-le on Mon, 15/06/2020 - 06:08

Great explanation! Thank you.

Submitted by Dilnoza Sulaymonova on Fri, 12/06/2020 - 09:36

this site is useful thank u

Submitted by Ira92 on Fri, 12/06/2020 - 00:24

hi. Can you help me understand the grammatical role of each of the words in the following sentence? I am ashamed. subject+ to be+ p.p is correct?

Hello Ira92

'ashamed' is an adjective, not a past participle. The past participle of the verb 'to shame' is 'shamed'. Otherwise your analysis is correct.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team