Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Do you know the difference between bored and boring? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

Look at these examples to see how adjectives ending in -ed and -ing are used.

I was really bored in that presentation.
That was a really boring presentation.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Grammar test 1: Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Adjectives that end in -ed (e.g. bored, interested) and adjectives that end in -ing (e.g. boring, interesting) are often confused.

-ed adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ed generally describe emotions – they tell us how people feel.

I was so bored in that lesson, I almost fell asleep.
He was surprised to see Helen after all those years.
She was really tired and went to bed early.

-ing adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ing generally describe the thing that causes the emotion – a boring lesson makes you feel bored.

Have you seen that film? It's really frightening.
I could listen to her for hours. She's so interesting.
I can't sleep! That noise is really annoying!

Here are some adjectives that can have both an -ed and an -ing form.

annoyed annoying
bored boring
confused confusing
disappointed disappointing
excited exciting
frightened frightening
interested interesting
surprised surprising
tired tiring
worried worrying

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Grammar test 2: Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Average: 4.4 (58 votes)
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Submitted by BT on Sun, 24/04/2022 - 07:00

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a tiring activity makes you feel tired

Submitted by Ehsanuullahalami on Tue, 12/04/2022 - 12:57

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I am excited about this lesson
It was a exciting lessons

Submitted by Murod on Wed, 06/04/2022 - 06:18

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Good day everybody
It is very interesting program. thanks for organisers

Submitted by bkocak34 on Tue, 15/03/2022 - 06:13

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Thank you for impressive education. I had annoyed for first test but second test was excited for me.

Submitted by MonierShowman on Sun, 13/03/2022 - 16:54

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Thank you for that
I'm exited to improve my English

Submitted by ahmedcmc on Sat, 26/02/2022 - 13:37

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Liked he contents and explain approach.Thanks

Submitted by jyoti Chaudhary on Mon, 07/02/2022 - 08:21

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This is a fabulous lesson. I'm extremely excited about it. Daily in the morning, I learn grammar. And I'm trying to improve it. This course helps me a lot.

Submitted by agwad201 on Sat, 05/02/2022 - 09:25

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This lesson is very exciting,I am realy excited.
My brother is very tired,his work is realy boring.

Submitted by jwkei on Tue, 18/01/2022 - 02:50

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This is a very nice context for who want to study grammar!!

Submitted by LayaGol on Fri, 14/01/2022 - 23:08

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Hello! Thank you so much for such useful lesson! Can you tell me, please, which ending have I to add in this case "The idea of affordable green housing is a criticizing/ criticized topic, with some critics saying that it is a fallacy" It must be ending -ing, am I right? Or, maybe, I can use both variants? Thank you in advance!