Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Do you know the difference between bored and boring? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

Look at these examples to see how adjectives ending in -ed and -ing are used.

I was really bored in that presentation.
That was a really boring presentation.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Grammar test 1: Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Adjectives that end in -ed (e.g. bored, interested) and adjectives that end in -ing (e.g. boring, interesting) are often confused.

-ed adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ed generally describe emotions – they tell us how people feel.

I was so bored in that lesson, I almost fell asleep.
He was surprised to see Helen after all those years.
She was really tired and went to bed early.

-ing adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ing generally describe the thing that causes the emotion – a boring lesson makes you feel bored.

Have you seen that film? It's really frightening.
I could listen to her for hours. She's so interesting.
I can't sleep! That noise is really annoying!

Here are some adjectives that can have both an -ed and an -ing form.

annoyed annoying
bored boring
confused confusing
disappointed disappointing
excited exciting
frightened frightening
interested interesting
surprised surprising
tired tiring
worried worrying

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Grammar test 2: Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Do you need to improve your English grammar?
Join thousands of learners from around the world who are improving their English grammar with our online courses.
Average: 4 (18 votes)

Submitted by zelenanate on Mon, 23/01/2023 - 15:14

Permalink

I am worried that I can remember the rule in this lesson.

Submitted by stephenwoods on Sun, 22/01/2023 - 22:47

Permalink

I'm a little bit confusing how to use the ed and ing but on the other hand, it's interesting. Thanks for the lesson.

Submitted by ah.ahmadi on Thu, 19/01/2023 - 07:55

Permalink

that was so practical :)

Submitted by Asmaa hamdy on Sun, 27/11/2022 - 22:10

Permalink

Thank you , This lesson made me feel exciting.

Profile picture for user Alexs_ander

Submitted by Alexs_ander on Wed, 09/11/2022 - 22:49

Permalink

The lessons here are never disappointing.

Submitted by matteo.brill on Sun, 30/10/2022 - 02:18

Permalink

good feedback after the article,thank!

Submitted by anhhd on Wed, 26/10/2022 - 17:30

Permalink

The interesting lesson makes me feel interested in studying english

Submitted by J-Castle on Mon, 26/09/2022 - 09:48

Permalink

Many thanks, it was a really interesting lessons; I have been always confused with these adjectives.
An exciting explanation in order to not be worried about this part of grammar
Thx

Submitted by Ibrahimyousef on Sat, 17/09/2022 - 13:10

Permalink

Thank you for explanation ending ed -ind adjectives and exercise ,task
it's great lesson.