Past continuous and past simple

Past continuous and past simple

Do you know how to use the past continuous and past simple? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

Look at these examples to see how the past continuous and past simple are used.

When I woke up this morning, it was snowing.
I was sleeping when you called me.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Past continuous and past simple: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

The past continuous and the past simple help us to show how two past actions or situations are connected.

Past simple

The past simple shows us that an action was in the past, not in the present. Regular past simple verbs have -ed at the end (e.g. called, played, arrived). Irregular verbs have a different form, usually with a different vowel sound (e.g. wake woke, break broke, feel felt).

My parents called me yesterday.
I woke up early this morning.
Sam played basketball when he was at university.

We make the negative with didn't and the infinitive verb.

My parents didn't call me yesterday.
I didn't wake up early this morning.

We make the question form with did and then the subject and infinitive verb.

Did you wake up early this morning?
Did Sam play basketball when he was at university?

Past continuous

The past continuous shows us that the action was already in progress at a certain time in the past.

What were you doing at 8 p.m. last night? I was studying.

This means that I started studying before 8 p.m. and I continued after 8 p.m.

The past continuous can also show that an activity was in progress for some time, not just for a moment.

We were cleaning the house all morning.

We make the past continuous with was or were and the -ing form of the verb.

She couldn't come to the party. She was working.
Three years ago, we were living in my home town.
I tried to give him some advice, but he wasn't listening.
What were you doing this time last year?

Past continuous and past simple

When we use these two tenses together, it shows us that the past simple action happened in the middle of the past continuous action, while it was in progress.

While I was studying, I suddenly felt sleepy.

We often use these tenses to show an action interrupting another action.

I broke my leg when I was skiing.
As I was going to work, I saw an old friend.
We were watching television when the power went off.

Can you see a difference in the meaning of these two sentences?

When the guests arrived, Jane was cooking dinner.
When the guests arrived, Jane cooked dinner.

In the first one, Jane started cooking dinner before the guests arrived. We know that because it uses the past continuous. In the second sentence, the guests arrived first and then Jane started cooking.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Past continuous and past simple: Grammar test 2

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Submitted by Aung Qui on Sat, 14/10/2023 - 15:18

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Dear Teachers,
In the example ,At 6 pm yesterday, it was already getting dark.Can I use it was already got dark?

Hello Aung Qui,

No, I'm afraid 'it was got dark' is not a correct in this case. You could say 'it had already got' or 'it was already getting'.

'it had already got' means that at 6 p.m. it was completely dark. It got dark earlier than 6 p.m. You could also say 'it was already dark' and it would mean the same thing.

'it was already getting' means that it was between light and dark at 6 p.m. At that time, night was in the process of falling and daylight was fading.

Does that make sense? If you need more clarification, please don't hesitate to ask.

All the best,
Kirk
LearnEnglish team

Hello Aung Qui,

No, that isn't correct. You could say these:

At 6 pm yesterday, it was already getting dark. [the process had started but not finished]

At 6 pm yesterday, it was already dark. [this is the state at 6 pm.]

At 6 pm yesterday, it had already got dark [it became dark some time before 6 pm]

At 6 pm yesterday, it got dark. [when 6 pm came, the lights went out suddenly]

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by OmarHaddad on Sun, 08/10/2023 - 18:37

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Thank you very much for these practices.

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Submitted by Asala Mohammed on Mon, 25/09/2023 - 11:01

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Dear teachers,
In the example (When I woke up this morning, it was snowing) can I talk about the future using the present simple? I mean can I say (When I wake up this morning, it'll be snowing).
Secondly, in the example (I tried to give him some advice, but he wasn't listening) why did you say some advice? why didn't you say some advices?.
kind regards
Asala Mohammed

Hi Asala Mohammed,

Yes, right! Your example is correct.

It says "some advice" because "advice" is an uncountable noun. We can't add "s" because it's not countable.

I hope that helps.

Jonathan

LearnEnglish team

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Submitted by oyo on Mon, 18/09/2023 - 14:40

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awesome it was intresting

Submitted by Lisa REILLY on Sun, 17/09/2023 - 07:21

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Hello
I had a student that was telling me about his trip to New York and he kept saying "We were taking the boat everyday at 1 o'clock" and it sounded wrong but I don't know why. I said it was better to use the simple past "We got the boat everyday..." He said that he thought he could use it as it was a habitual habit. Please can somebody help explain this? Thanks

Hello Lisa,

The overall time frame for what your student was telling you about was a trip to New York. Presumably, that trip is over and finished, i.e. it began in the past and it also ended in the past, so generally speaking the best form to talk about things that happened during the trip is the past simple.

If he was telling a story and setting up the context for another event (e.g. 'We were taking the boat one day when a storm blew in and the boat had to turn around'), then a continuous form would make sense, but it doesn't sound as if that's what he was doing.

Although it is possible to use the past continuous to speak about past habits in specific contexts, generally, the past simple (or perhaps a 'used to' form) is probably best.

You might find our Talking about the past page useful, as it covers these and other verb forms in more detail. But please do let us know if you have any other questions.

All the best,
Kirk
LearnEnglish team