Conditionals: third and mixed

Conditionals: third and mixed

Do you know how to use third conditionals and mixed conditionals? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

Look at these examples to see how third and mixed conditionals are used.

We would have walked to the top of the mountain if the weather hadn't been so bad.
If we'd moved to Scotland when I was a child, I would have a Scottish accent now.
If she was really my friend, she wouldn't have lied to me.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Conditionals 2: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Do you know how to use third and mixed conditionals?

Third conditionals and mixed conditionals

Conditionals describe the result of a certain condition. The if clause tells you the condition (If I hadn't been ill) and the main clause tells you the result (I would have gone to the party). The order of the clauses does not change the meaning.

If I hadn't been ill, I would have gone to the party.
I would have gone to the party if I hadn't been ill.

Conditional sentences are often divided into different types.

Third conditional

The third conditional is used to imagine a different past. We imagine a change in a past situation and the different result of that change.

If I had understood the instructions properly, I would have passed the exam.
We wouldn't have got lost if my phone hadn't run out of battery.

In third conditional sentences, the structure is usually: If + past perfect >> would have + past participle.

Mixed conditionals

We can use mixed conditionals when we imagine a past change with a result in the present or a present change with a result in the past.

1. Past/Present 

Here's a sentence imagining how a change in a past situation would have a result in the present.

If I hadn't got the job in Tokyo, I wouldn't be with my current partner.

So the structure is: If + past perfect >> would + infinitive.

2. Present/Past

Here's a sentence imagining how a different situation in the present would mean that the past was different as well.

It's really important. If it wasn't, I wouldn't have called you on your holiday.

And the structure is: If + past simple >> would have + past participle.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Conditionals 2: Grammar test 2

Average: 4.2 (117 votes)
Do you need to improve your English grammar?
Join thousands of learners from around the world who are improving their English grammar with our online courses.

Hello Omnia101,

I'm afraid we don't do any translation work on LearnEnglish so we can't comment on how a sentence would be expressed in your language. However, if there is a concrete example which you find confusing then we'll be happy to comment on that.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

thank you so much peter i really appreciate your help

Submitted by NadiraRK on Fri, 12/01/2018 - 09:23

Permalink
Hello. I am very confused. In the sentence like this I wish we weren't coming/hadn't come to this football match , then we wouldn't be in the middle of all these hooligans now. Which answer is correct? I am trying to catch the point of tenses but it's so mixed.I need some help.

Hello NadiraRK,

The correct form here is 'hadn't come'. The sentence is an example of a conditional sentence with different time references in each clause:

 

I wish we weren't coming/hadn't come to this football match, [a past unreal condition]

 

(because) then we wouldn't be in the middle of all these hooligans now. [a present result of the past unreal condition]

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team