Present perfect: 'just', 'yet', 'still' and 'already'

Present perfect: 'just', 'yet', 'still' and 'already'

Do you know how to use just, yet, still and already with the present perfect? Test what you know with interactive exercises and read the explanation to help you.

Look at these examples to see how just, yet, still and already are used.

I've just seen Sai. He's really enjoying his new job.
We haven't decided what to do yet.
I still haven't called Yumi to see how she is.
I've already had lunch but I'll join you for coffee.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

'just', 'yet', 'still' and 'already': Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

We often use just, yet, still and already with the present perfect because they are related to the present moment. This page focuses on the meaning and use of these words when they are used with the present perfect.


Just used with the present perfect means 'a short time before'.

I've just seen Susan coming out of the cinema.
Mike's just called. Can you ring him back, please?
Have you just taken my pen?!

Just comes between the auxiliary verb (have/has) and the past participle.


Yet used with the present perfect means 'at any time up to now'. We use it to emphasise that we expect something to happen soon. Yet (in this context) is only used in negative sentences and questions.

Have you finished your homework yet?
I haven't finished it yet. I'll do it after dinner.
A. Where's Sam? B: He hasn't arrived yet.

Yet comes at the end of the sentence or question.


Still used with the present perfect means that something hasn't happened. We use it to emphasise that we expected the thing to happen earlier. Still (in this context) is only used in negative sentences.

I've been waiting for an hour and the bus still hasn't come.
They promised me that report yesterday but they still haven't finished it.
She still hasn't replied to my email. Maybe she's on holiday.

Still comes between the subject (the bus, they, etc.) and auxiliary verb (haven't/hasn't).


Already used with the present perfect means 'before now'. We use it to emphasise that something happened before something else or earlier than expected.

I've already spent my salary and it's two weeks before payday.
He wanted to see
Sudden Risk but I've already seen it.
The train's left already!

Already can come between the auxiliary and the main verb or at the end of the clause.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

'just', 'yet', 'still' and 'already': Grammar test 2

Language level

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Hello Ballou1982,

We often use yet with negative present perfect forms, but we can use it with some other forms too, particularly present tenses and modal verbs.

Your example is correct. It tells us that the bird does not have the ability to fly at the moment, but we expect that it will at some point in the future.



The LearnEnglish Team

'Yet' is often used with the present perfect, but it can be used with other tenses / structures. There are usually exceptions to 'rules' in English grammar. 'Yet' means 'before now ... but it (probably) will happen', so, 'the bird can't fly yet (before now, but it will learn to fly). Hope that helps
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Submitted by OlaIELTS on Mon, 13/04/2020 - 04:20

It's quiet helpful!

Submitted by a.kadir4018 on Tue, 07/04/2020 - 03:48

i have already understood this topic.

Submitted by surya on Mon, 06/04/2020 - 13:03

I have read in this session. I have already studied past perfect tense and use of a still, yet already. I have always faced to a problem of making sentences. Please support me how i will improve my written language.

Hello surya,

Improving grammar and improving writing are different things. To improve your grammar, you can use exercises like the ones in our grammar section, for example.

How you can improve your writing depends upon what kind of writing you want to do, for what purpose you are writing and who the recipient is. Different kinds of writing require different language and different ways of organising the text, so the first thing to do is to take a look at as many different texts as you can. In general, to improve your writing it's important to read and write as much as possible, so keep an eye out for good examples of letters, articles and so on. Using the internet to read magazines, newspapers and other text-types from online media is a good idea.

Remember also that written texts are usually well organised - unlike a lot of speech, which can often be haphazard and disorganised.  Therefore it's important to write in an organised way: start by collecting your thoughts, then plan how you are going to organise them, then write a first draft. After that, check (or get someone else to check) your draft before writing your final version. Research shows that good writers constantly review their work and amend it, so this is a good model.

Most of all, for improving both grammar and writing, I recommend reading. Read widely, read often and read for pleasure. When we read, we are exposing ourselves to good models of both language and use. You will pick up good forms and good style without even realising it and both your writing and your grammar will improve.


The LearnEnglish Team

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Submitted by Zabihullah on Fri, 03/04/2020 - 21:26

I haven't called them yet. But it is logic to send them messages to let them tuned. I have still need that book to study. I've already got my delivery.

Submitted by Chandramouli on Fri, 03/04/2020 - 13:46

Its very useful to me. I often confused with 'still, yet' now it is 80% solved.