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Adjectives and prepositions

Do you know how to use adjectives with prepositions like interested in or similar to?

Look at these examples to see how adjectives are used with prepositions.

I'm interested in the idea.
My jacket is similar to yours.
She's brilliant at maths.
My neighbour is angry about the party.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Grammar test 1: Adjectives and prepositions

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Some adjectives go with certain prepositions. There are no grammatical rules for which preposition is used with which adjective, so it's a good idea to try to learn them together. To help you do this, write new vocabulary in your notebook in a sentence or phrase.

However, there are some patterns that can help you. Let's look at them first. Remember that a preposition is followed by a noun or a gerund (-ing form).

With at

We use at with adjectives like good/bad/amazing/brilliant/terrible, etc. to talk about skills and abilities.

He's really good at English.
She's amazing at the piano.
They're terrible at organising anything.
I'm not very good at drawing.

With about

We often use about with adjectives of feelings like angry/excited/happy/nervous/sad/stressed/worried, etc. to explain what is causing that feeling.

I'm angry about the decision.
He's nervous about the presentation.
She's excited about the new job.
They were worried about the exam.

With of

However, sometimes we use of with feelings.

She was afraid of telling her mum.
I'm frightened of having an accident.
He's scared of flying.
You should be proud of your progress.

With to

We can use to to show the connection between people or things.

He's married to the director.
I'm addicted to my phone.
I'm allergic to nuts.
It's similar to the old one.

We can also use to to talk about someone's behaviour towards someone else.

They were really friendly to me.
Was he nice to you?
He is always polite to everyone.
She was very rude to the waitress.

Here are some other useful adjectives with prepositions.

With for

Exercise is good for you.
Stress is bad for you.
The town is famous for its cheese.
I'm responsible for the financial side of the business.

With in

She's interested in the project.
They want someone who's experienced in design.
I didn't want to get involved in the argument.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Grammar test 2: Adjectives and prepositions

Language level

Beginner: A1
Pre-intermediate: A2

Comments

Hello Sir,
I have two sentences regards the use of Adjective "prior" but I didn't get the meaning of them.
1) He will reach home prior to school.
2) He knows all the player prior to you.

Which one is correct sir. Plz elaborate these.

Hello Kapil Kabir,

Prior means 'before', but it is a very formal way to say this and suitable only in certain contexts. We tend to use it in the phrase prior to when we are talking about changes in systems (legal, environmental, political etc) rather than individual acts:

Prior to the 2008 change in the law, it was illegal to...

Your sentences do not have this kind of context, so although they are not incorrect grammatically, I don't think the context really suits the use of the phrase.

 

Prior can also be used as an adjective pre-modifying a noun. In this case it has the meaning 'previous':

In our prior meeting we agreed to...

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

nice lessons

Nice lessons

Hi guys! Does anyone know any interesting website with more questions about it? I'll be glad with any help

Which of the two sentences are correct?

(Here xyz is any topic)

1. Learn two lines to speak on xyz

2.Learn to speak two lines on xyz

Hello SaraZaber,

Both are grammatically possible. I'm not sure what the context is or what you want to express, so I wouldn't like to say which would be preferable.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

It is written and said in a commanding tone to primary level students.

If it is written as -

Note - Learn two lines to speak on " My Friend"

Which of the sentences (mentioned earlier )will be preferable?

Hello again SaraZaber,

I think the first version is preferable, but unless the lines are already written (meaning the task is simply to memorise them) we'd probably say something like this:

Prepare two lines to say/speak on the topic of 'My Friend'

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

The task is not given.

The student will prepare it and learn the lines.

In this circumstance which of the two sentences (mentioned earliar ) will be appropriate and preferable?

My second question is if the lines are just ti memorise then why would we write - "prepare two lines.....''

what do you mean by "prepare two lines....." ?

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