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Articles 2

Do you know when you need to use the in common phrases and place names?

Look at these examples to see when the is and isn't used.

I'm going to bed.
I walk to work.
My children are going to start school.
I visited the school yesterday.
Mount Everest is in the Himalayas.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Articles 2: Grammar test 1

Grammar explanation

Here are some ways we use articles in common phrases and place names.

Common phrases

We don't usually use an article in expressions with bed, work and home.

go to bed / be in bed
go to work / be at work / start work / finish work
go home / be at home / get home / stay at home

We also don't normally use an article in expressions with school, university, prison and hospital.

start school / go to school / be at school
go to university / be at university
be sent to prison / go to prison / be in prison
go to hospital / be in hospital

But we usually use the if someone is just visiting the place, and not there as a student/prisoner/patient, etc.

My son has started school now. I went to the school to meet his teacher.
I went to the prison a lot when I was a social worker.
I'm at the hospital. My sister has just had a baby.

Place names

We don't normally use an article for continents, most countries, cities, towns, lakes, mountains or universities. So, we say:

Africa, Asia, Europe
India, Ghana, Peru, Denmark
Addis Ababa, Hanoi, New York, Moscow
Lake Victoria, Lake Superior, Lake Tanganyika
Mount Everest, Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Elbrus
Cardiff University, Harvard University, Manchester University

Some countries are different. Country names with United have the. There are other countries which are exceptions too. So, we say:

the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, the United States of America
the Bahamas, the Gambia

Seas and oceans, mountain ranges and rivers have the:

the Atlantic, the Pacific, the Mediterranean
the Andes, the Himalayas, the Alps
the Nile, the Amazon, the Yangtze

Universities with of in the title also have the:

the University of Cape Town, the University of Delhi, the University of Tokyo

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Articles 2: Grammar test 2

Language level

Beginner: A1
Pre-intermediate: A2


The test has marked them as a mistake because they are the beginnig of a sentence so they start in capital letters.

I hope it helps :)

Hello saja1987

For Grammar test 2 sentence 3, you have to capitalise 'The' -- in other words, 'the' is not correct, but 'The' is. The first letter of sentences is capitalised in English. The same is true for Grammar test 1 sentence 4: 'The' is correct, but not 'the'.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Good afternoon teachers!
I'm very confused about the use of the article "the".
Do we say "I watched the TV" or "I watched TV"
I've always said and used "watch TV" but I've heard on a video from an English teacher "I watched the TV" actually it was "telly" but I don't think it makes any difference to the grammar rule?
Many thanks for your help.
Kind regards.

Hello Cathy,

You can actually use either the TV or just TV in these contexts. It's something which has developed over time so it's more the result of convention and habit that any grammar rule. You just need to remember, and not just with TV:

watch something on TV / the TV

listen to the radio (not just radio)

read on the Internet (not just Internet)



The LearnEnglish Team


Why in the sentence

Well, we'd just come back from town, hadn't we, Doreen

"the" is missing before town?

Hello Greta,

It's an unusual use, isn't it? People often use this with the same meaning  as come back from the town. In other words, the speaker and the listener both know which town is referenced - probably, the nearest local town.

Unfortunately, the pattern is not consistent with other phrases. We do not use country in the same way, but rather talk about come back from the country. The same is true of other geographical terms: from the mountains, from the forest, from the seaside, from the city, from the village, from the lake etc.



The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much, Peter! Your comment is useful for me.

I'm trying to improve my English skills. And, all of the grammar chapters helped a lot.

Hello Abhishek Singh

For the sentences you ask about in question A, there is nothing wrong with saying 'a' instead of 'the', but most of the time, I think most native speakers would say 'the' -- I know I would. It's as if we're thinking about these institutions in general, so it doesn't really matter which specific one is being talked about.

As for B, it would certainly make sense to say 'prisons' if you wanted it to be clear that you visited many different ones. I'm not familiar enough with the social worker profession -- and in any case, I imagine it's quite different in different places -- but if you mainly visited the local prison, then 'the' would also be fine.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team