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Countable and uncountable nouns 1

Do you know how to use a, some, any, much and many?

Look at these examples to see how to use countable and uncountable nouns in a sentence.

I'm making a cup of tea.
There's some money on the table.
Have we got any bread?
How many chairs do we need?
How much milk have we got?

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Countable and uncountable nouns 1: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Nouns can be countable or uncountable. Countable nouns can be counted, e.g. an apple, two apples, three apples, etc. Uncountable nouns cannot be counted, e.g. air, rice, water, etc. When you learn a new noun, you should check if it is countable or uncountable and note how it is used in a sentence.

Countable nouns

For positive sentences we can use a/an for singular nouns or some for plurals.

There's a man at the door.
I have some friends in New York.

For negatives we can use a/an for singular nouns or any for plurals.

I don't have a dog.
There aren't any seats.

Uncountable nouns

Here are some examples of uncountable nouns:

bread rice coffee information
money advice luggage furniture

We use some with uncountable nouns in positive sentences and any with negatives.

There's some milk in the fridge.
There isn't any coffee.


In questions we use a/an, any or how many with countable nouns.

Is there an email address to write to?
Are there any chairs?
How many chairs are there?

And we use any or how much with uncountable nouns.

Is there any sugar?
How much orange juice is there?

But when we are offering something or asking for something, we normally use some.

Do you want some chocolate?
Can we have some more chairs, please?

We also use some in a question when we think the answer will be 'yes'.

Have you got some new glasses?

Other expressions of quantity

A lot of (or lots of) can be used with both countable and uncountable nouns.

There are lots of apples on the trees.
There is a lot of snow on the road

Notice that we don't usually use many or much in positive sentences. We use a lot of instead.

They have a lot of money.

However, in negative sentences we use not many with countable nouns and not much with uncountable nouns.

There are a lot of carrots but there aren't many potatoes.
There's lots of juice but there isn't much water.

Go to Countable and uncountable nouns 2 to learn more.

Try this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Countable and uncountable nouns 1: Grammar test 2

Language level

Beginner: A1
Pre-intermediate: A2


Hi, referring to grammar test 1 above:
" I've bought some new shoes"
Can I also write the sentence as shown below?

" I've bought many new shoes"

Hello Rebecca

As I mention in my response to your comment above, we don't usually use 'many' in affirmative sentences like this one; instead we use 'a lot of'. Here the best option is 'some'.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

This section is boring, it is better to use images in the grammar section.

I would like to thank your team for incredible lessons and tests. We know that ''people'' is a non-count noun, however, ''How many'' is used for one of your tests "How many people are coming?" instead of "How much" I would be thankful if you could give me more information about this.

Hello MehdiParsa,

People is a count noun. It is an irregular plural form, but otherwise it functions as a normal plural count noun:

one person

two people

The person is waiting for you.

The people are waiting for you.


The correct question, therefore, is How many people...?



The LearnEnglish Team

I understand. Thank you very much for your perfect answer.

It is helpful.

can i have more information about the difference between a lot of and lots of?


Hello Claudia,

There is no difference in meaning or grammatical use. Lots of is more informal than a lot of.  You'll hear lots of more in speech than writing, and more between friends than in official or formal contexts.



The LearnEnglish Team

In negative sentences, can we used "any" interchangeably with "much" with uncountable nouns?