Adjectives with '-ing' and '-ed'

Learn about adjectives ending in -ing and -ed and do the exercises to practise using them.

Level: beginner

A lot of adjectives are made from verbs by adding -ing or -ed:

-ing adjectives

The commonest -ing adjectives are:

amusing
annoying
boring
disappointing
exciting
interesting
frightening
tiring
shocking
surprising
worrying

 

If you say something is interesting, you mean it interests you:

I read a very interesting article in the newspaper today.

If you say something is terrifying, you mean it terrifies you:

That Dracula film was absolutely terrifying.

-ed adjectives

The commonest -ed adjectives are:

annoyed
bored
closed
delighted
disappointed
excited
frightened
tired
worried

 

If something bores you, you can say you feel bored.

We had nothing to do. We were really bored.

If something terrifies you, you can say you are terrified.

I didn't really enjoy the Dracula film. Most of the time I was terrified.

Adjectives with -ing and -ed 1

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Adjectives with -ing and -ed 2

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Submitted by g-ssan on Sat, 02/07/2022 - 08:49

Permalink

Hello sir,

Can we say if we add ing to an adjective becomes more relative with things and if we add ed to an adjective becomes more relative with persons .

Hello again g-ssan,

It sounds to me like you've got the right general idea and it's a good rule to keep in mind when you don't have a dictionary.

But please note that this rule doesn't always work. Until you've learned what the meanings of each '-ed' and '-ing' adjectives, I'd encourage you to look them up to be sure you understand them.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team