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Conditionals 2

Do you know how to use third and mixed conditionals?

Look at these examples to see how third and mixed conditionals are used.

We would have walked to the top of the mountain if the weather hadn't been so bad.
If we'd moved to Scotland when I was a child, I would have a Scottish accent now.
If she was really my friend, she wouldn't have lied to me.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Conditionals 2: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Do you know how to use third and mixed conditionals?

Third conditionals and mixed conditionals

Conditionals describe the result of a certain condition. The if clause tells you the condition (If I hadn't been ill) and the main clause tells you the result (I would have gone to the party). The order of the clauses does not change the meaning.

If I hadn't been ill, I would have gone to the party.
I would have gone to the party if I hadn't been ill.

Conditional sentences are often divided into different types.

Third conditional

The third conditional is used to imagine a different past. We imagine a change in a past situation and the different result of that change.

If I had understood the instructions properly, I would have passed the exam.
We wouldn't have got lost if my phone hadn't run out of battery.

In third conditional sentences, the structure is usually: If + past perfect >> would have + past participle.

Mixed conditionals

We can use mixed conditionals when we imagine a past change with a result in the present or a present change with a result in the past.

1. Past/Present 

Here's a sentence imagining how a change in a past situation would have a result in the present.

If I hadn't got the job in Tokyo, I wouldn't be with my current partner.

So the structure is: If + past perfect >> would + infinitive.

2. Present/Past

Here's a sentence imagining how a different situation in the present would mean that the past was different as well.

It's really important. If it wasn't, I wouldn't have called you on your holiday.

And the structure is: If + past simple >> would have + past participle.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Conditionals 2: Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2


Hello roshank1986,

shadyar's response (above - thank you, shadyar!) is correct. Many, but not all, past participles can be used as adjectives. When they can be used as adjectives, the form 'is + adjective' is correct, but otherwise is not. If you want to see whether a past participle can be used as an adjective, you should look it up in the dictionary. If you see that there is an entry where it is labeled as an adjective, then you can use it that way.

But please note, the sentence 'He is completed the experiment' doesn't make sense. 'He' is not the thing that is 'complete' - I suppose you mean 'The experiment is complete.'

By the way, please try to find an appropriate page for your questions in the future. For example, this page would have made more sense on a page having to do with the past simple or present perfect.


Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

sir i m new here.....sometimes i feel hasitate with such silly problems like....which one is correct ,what is going to happen or what is going to be happend....pls help me out

Hello maxmamun,

The first phrase is correct and the second is not. 'to be happened' is not grammatically correct, because it is a passive form of an intransitive verb. Intransitive verbs, i.e. verbs that do not have a direct object, do not have passive forms in English.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

"The donors however, have told us that second phase XYZ’s should only start in January 2017, after a number of ABC reviews have been completed, and after all current XYZ’s have had an external evaluation."

XYZ = the name of a specific work
ABC = the name of an Elevator.
My Questions are
1. What does it mean by last part of the sentence “and after all current XYZ’s have had an external evaluation” (my problem is in “have had” )
2. From which section can I get help from this site about “have had” when they used jointly?

Hi Rabiul Alam,

'to have an external evaluation' is another way of saying 'to be evaluated by an external person or organisation'. 'have had' is the present perfect form of the verb 'have'. Our present perfect and perfective aspect pages.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello The LearnEnglish Team

"I have no Idea"
"I don't have any Idea"

My questions are : 1. Both of them are right or which one is wrong?
2. Does they mean same meanings?

Thanks and regards

Hello Rabiul Alam,

Both of these are correct and they have the same meaning.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello my respected mentor of this group,
I've a query regarding where we can use Thy and Thine and what's it actual mean also give some idea about where and how to use "get rid of"
Thank you Akshya10

Hello akshaya10,

Both 'thy' and 'thine' are in our dictionary - you'll see there that they are no longer used in modern English. You can find them in older literature (e.g. Shakespeare), but in any other ordinary context they would sound very strange, and perhaps not be understood by some.

Similarly, you can find 'get rid of' in our dictionary (search for 'get rid of') with both definitions and examples of use. After studying the dictionary entries, feel free to write some example sentences and submit there to try them out.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello akshaya10,

I'd recommend that you set ambitious but achievable and specific goals. In other words, it's good to work to learn, but make sure that you have a plan to accomplish a specific goal. For example, if you want to improve your listening comprehension, you could set a goal such as:

Goal: Be able to understand approximately 50% of what Ashlie and Stephen say in a Word on the Street episode.
Plan: Listen to one episode three times without the transcript, and then twice with the transcript. Then listen twice again without the transcript. Write down and learn new vocabulary and phrases.

If you follow this plan with one episode and don't meet success, try again. Do it several times and you should gradually reach your goal. As for confidence, normally it will come with increasing knowledge and ability. It normally takes a lot of practice, but be patient with yourself and don't give up.

I hope this helps you. As you work, please let us know if you have questions, and also please let us know how you get on.

Good luck!

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team