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Conditionals 2

Do you know how to use third and mixed conditionals?

Look at these examples to see how third and mixed conditionals are used.

We would have walked to the top of the mountain if the weather hadn't been so bad.
If we'd moved to Scotland when I was a child, I would have a Scottish accent now.
If she was really my friend, she wouldn't have lied to me.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Conditionals 2: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Do you know how to use third and mixed conditionals?

Third conditionals and mixed conditionals

Conditionals describe the result of a certain condition. The if clause tells you the condition (If I hadn't been ill) and the main clause tells you the result (I would have gone to the party). The order of the clauses does not change the meaning.

If I hadn't been ill, I would have gone to the party.
I would have gone to the party if I hadn't been ill.

Conditional sentences are often divided into different types.

Third conditional

The third conditional is used to imagine a different past. We imagine a change in a past situation and the different result of that change.

If I had understood the instructions properly, I would have passed the exam.
We wouldn't have got lost if my phone hadn't run out of battery.

In third conditional sentences, the structure is usually: If + past perfect >> would have + past participle.

Mixed conditionals

We can use mixed conditionals when we imagine a past change with a result in the present or a present change with a result in the past.

1. Past/Present 

Here's a sentence imagining how a change in a past situation would have a result in the present.

If I hadn't got the job in Tokyo, I wouldn't be with my current partner.

So the structure is: If + past perfect >> would + infinitive.

2. Present/Past

Here's a sentence imagining how a different situation in the present would mean that the past was different as well.

It's really important. If it wasn't, I wouldn't have called you on your holiday.

And the structure is: If + past simple >> would have + past participle.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Conditionals 2: Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2


Hello Peter M
Thank you so much

hi im new

Hello, teachers,
I have some sentences of 3d conditionals to ask you,as i'm not sure if they are correct.
If I have known you had eaten,I wouldn't ask you to go to restaurant with me.
I wouldn't go to cinema with you, if I have seen it before.

thanks in advance.

Hi chenlyfen60,

As is explained above, normally third conditional sentences have a verb in the past perfect form after if and then a verb with would + perfect infinitive in the other part of the sentence. For example, your first sentence should be: "If I had known (past perfect) that you had eaten, I wouldn't have asked (would + perfect infinitive) you..."

With this in mind, why don't you try to correct your second sentence and then we can confirm if it's correct or not?

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

hello sir,
i have doubt when to use has been, have been and had been. am very much confused

Hi suruthika,

I would suggest that you read our present perfect and past perfect pages. This is because has been and have been are present perfect forms, and had been is a past perfect form.

If it's not any clearer after working through those pages, please ask us again. The more specific your question is, the better we can help you.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

I am new on this site,and I have a question of the preposition, as i don't know which one is right?
" I am coming for the party or I am coming to the party?"
thanks in advance.

Hi chenlyfen60,

Both are possible, but the meaning is slightly different.

I am coming for the party' tells us that the party is the reason for the person's journey. You might also say 'I am coming for the television' (to collect it), 'I am coming for the meeting' (to attend it) or 'I am coming for a holiday'.

I am coming to the party tells us that the person has been invited and will attend.

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks a lot, it's very clear to me.

Dear Teacher ( The LearnEnglish Team),

Please kindly help to explain me regarding to below sentence:
She did ask her dad if she could have a big party, but the old spoilsport refused. Why do we use did before the word ask? What kind of this sentence? Many thanks for your kind explanation.

Best regards,