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Future continuous and future perfect

Do you know how to use phrases like I'll be studying or I'll have finished?

Look at these examples to see how the future continuous and future perfect are used.

In three years' time, I'll be studying medicine.
In five years' time, I'll have finished studying medicine.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Future continuous and future perfect: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Future continuous

We can use the future continuous (will/won't be + -ing form) to talk about future actions that: 

  • will be in progress at a specific time in the future:

When you come out of school tomorrow, I'll be boarding a plane.
Try to call before 8 o'clock. After that, we'll be watching the match.
You can visit us during the first week of July. I won't be working then.

  • we see as new, different or temporary:

Today we're taking the bus but next week we'll be taking the train.
He'll be staying with his parents for several months while his father is in recovery.
Will you be starting work earlier with your new job?

Future perfect

We use the future perfect simple (will/won't have + past participle) to talk about something that will be completed before a specific time in the future.

The guests are coming at 8 p.m. I'll have finished cooking by then.
On 9 October we'll have been married for 50 years.
Will you have gone to bed when I get back?

We can use phrases like by or by the time (meaning 'at some point before') and in or in a day's time / in two months' time / in five years' time etc. (meaning 'at the end of this period') to give the time period in which the action will be completed.

I won't have written all the reports by next week.
By the time we arrive, the kids will have gone to bed.
I'll have finished in an hour and then we can watch a film.
In three years' time, I'll have graduated from university.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Future continuous and future perfect: Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2


This time next year I'll be staying in somewhere of USA
I'll have completed car loan payment in 2020 :)
Don't ring me at tomorrow 9PM. I'll be watching movie at cinema with my boyfriend :)

i have to have it correct

Hello sanjoy,

I already answered your question on another page! Please be patient and don't ask your question more than once. We try to respond quickly, but make no guarantees about how fast we will do so.

Thanks for your understanding.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

What is the best choice in the following sentence?
- By 2030, well paid jobs …………. available in Egypt.
a) will be b) had been c) will have been d) were being
I myself was confused between a and c but I think that a is the best choice.Really I
need your help.

Hello ihab1000,

The correct answer is (b). For (c) to be correct there would need to be a time reference of some kind - 'will have been... for twenty years', for example.

Please note that generally we don't provide answers to tasks and exercises from elsewhere. If we did this then we'd end up doing people's homework and tests for them, which is not our role.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


''As you will have noticed he has new glasses''

Can this be indicating that ''you'' noticed in the past that ''he'' has new glasses?

Thank you

Hello JakiGeh,

Yes, the sentence here means that the speaker expects that you already know this. In other words, the speaker does not think that the information about his new glasses is news to you.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Peter

I didn't understand the point.
The speaker does not consider the information as the news by using "as"
or "future perfect"?

Does "future perfect" always suggest already known information?


Hello Sanazi,

The use of 'will have noticed' here is key. Compare these:


As you will have noticed... [at some point before now]

As you will notice... [in the future when you see him]


'Will have' here is a prediction or a guess about the past. It means something like 'I am sure that you have already...'


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

In the sentence "Probably, when these guys *will be* older, they will have the same attitude." I know the first one should be in simple present (when these guys are older, the will have...) but, why? We've always been taught that to use the present to refer to the future, we must be talking abut something planned or scheduled, and this is not the case... Thanks for helping!