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Future continuous and future perfect

Do you know how to use phrases like I'll be studying or I'll have finished?

Look at these examples to see how the future continuous and future perfect are used.

In three years' time, I'll be studying medicine.
In five years' time, I'll have finished studying medicine.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Future continuous and future perfect: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Future continuous

We can use the future continuous (will/won't be + -ing form) to talk about future actions that: 

  • will be in progress at a specific time in the future:

When you come out of school tomorrow, I'll be boarding a plane.
Try to call before 8 o'clock. After that, we'll be watching the match.
You can visit us during the first week of July. I won't be working then.

  • we see as new, different or temporary:

Today we're taking the bus but next week we'll be taking the train.
He'll be staying with his parents for several months while his father is in recovery.
Will you be starting work earlier with your new job?

Future perfect

We use the future perfect simple (will/won't have + past participle) to talk about something that will be completed before a specific time in the future.

The guests are coming at 8 p.m. I'll have finished cooking by then.
On 9 October we'll have been married for 50 years.
Will you have gone to bed when I get back?

We can use phrases like by or by the time (meaning 'at some point before') and in or in a day's time / in two months' time / in five years' time etc. (meaning 'at the end of this period') to give the time period in which the action will be completed.

I won't have written all the reports by next week.
By the time we arrive, the kids will have gone to bed.
I'll have finished in an hour and then we can watch a film.
In three years' time, I'll have graduated from university.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Future continuous and future perfect: Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2

Comments

Hi ashu4766,

The meaning here is the same as a past continuous: 'While we were driving...' because the first part of the sentence agrees with the subject and time of the main verb in the second part of the sentence. Here, the main verb is 'stopped', which is a past form and so the participle 'driving' has a past meaning; the subject is 'we' and so we know it is 'we' who were driving.

Note that 'while + ing' does not always have a past time reference. If the main verb has, for example, a future time reference then so will the -ing form:

While staying in Paris, we will definitely visit the Louvre.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

I saw in one of the teens exercise this following sentence:

' I want to sit on the beach and watch the sun go down'.
Wasn't it supposed to be '... the sun goES down'. Since the verbal tense refers to Present Simple?

Thanks for your attention. My best wishes!

Hello HendrixFlame,

We're responsible for LearnEnglish (the part of the site which is for adults) rather than LearnEnglish Teens. Could you post your question on that site - the best place is the page on which you found the exercise - and the LearnEnglish Teens team will answer you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

What is the meaning of "I'd"?

hi SunnyMunder I am also new in this website. It's been over a year and a half since i don't practice my English but I think i could give u a hint. (I'd) may mean as far as i remember and depending on the context (I had or I would) for instance/ I'd been working for two hours(had) /I'd like to see her(would)

Hello everyone,i am pleased to be part of this website.
I want to know about 'ought to'.
1.What's its definition?
2.which form of verb that is?
3.how can i use it?Give clarification with instance.

Hello SunnyMunder,

'ought' and 'should' are used in mostly the same way - you can see definitions and examples in our dictionary (see the search box on the right). Although there is some disagreement over whether 'ought' is a modal verb (like 'should'), it works like a modal verb with the exception that the to + infinitive form is used after it (instead of the bare infinitive form that occurs after the other modal verbs).

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi! I'd like to know the difference between will and shall when used in the future perfect tense since the formula is: will/ shall+ have+past participle. When do we use will or shall in a future perfect sentence? Please give me examples. Also, Id like to know if comma is used even when the time expression is placed in the end part of the sentence. For example: I will have finished my project, by tomorrow.

hello. shall we greet?

Hello iceLucian,

Traditionally, 'shall' was used with first person verb subjects, i.e. 'I' and 'we', but this use is quite uncommon nowadays. In other words, most of the time you will see or hear 'I/we will' instead of 'I/we shall', and I would recommend that you use 'will' instead of 'shall'. This is also true when you're forming the future perfect with 'will have'.

As for your question regarding the comma, no, a comma is not normally used in that way, i.e. the correct punctuation is: 'I will have finished my project by tomorrow'.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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