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Future continuous and future perfect

Do you know how to use phrases like I'll be studying or I'll have finished?

Look at these examples to see how the future continuous and future perfect are used.

In three years' time, I'll be studying medicine.
In five years' time, I'll have finished studying medicine.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Future continuous and future perfect: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Future continuous

We can use the future continuous (will/won't be + -ing form) to talk about future actions that: 

  • will be in progress at a specific time in the future:

When you come out of school tomorrow, I'll be boarding a plane.
Try to call before 8 o'clock. After that, we'll be watching the match.
You can visit us during the first week of July. I won't be working then.

  • we see as new, different or temporary:

Today we're taking the bus but next week we'll be taking the train.
He'll be staying with his parents for several months while his father is in recovery.
Will you be starting work earlier with your new job?

Future perfect

We use the future perfect simple (will/won't have + past participle) to talk about something that will be completed before a specific time in the future.

The guests are coming at 8 p.m. I'll have finished cooking by then.
On 9 October we'll have been married for 50 years.
Will you have gone to bed when I get back?

We can use phrases like by or by the time (meaning 'at some point before') and in or in a day's time / in two months' time / in five years' time etc. (meaning 'at the end of this period') to give the time period in which the action will be completed.

I won't have written all the reports by next week.
By the time we arrive, the kids will have gone to bed.
I'll have finished in an hour and then we can watch a film.
In three years' time, I'll have graduated from university.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Future continuous and future perfect: Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2


Hi teacher , any recommendation to improve my grammar and writing ? I stopped at simple present , simple past and continuous tense..certain grammar I'm quite confused . for example , why u say/said that ? Especial how to ask questions. Please advice thanks

Hi tclian,

There's some advice on our Help page that might be useful for you, and I'd also suggest you try one of the sections in Listen & Watch. For example, when you work through the Elementary Podcasts, you work on your listening comprehension, grammar and vocabulary all at once, and most people find it more interesting that working through grammar pages alone.

I'm afraid I don't understand your question about 'say/said' - could you please rephrase it?

Best regards,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi everyone

This site seems to be very helpful. I really appreciate. Thanks to you all for your support

Hello, I am new in this website!


yes i found
can i help you

aslam_o_alikum & hello every one iam seriously love to learn English that's why iam part of this site iam new member of this site no well come for me please :P just tell me about english or teach me

While driving through France, we stopped to visit a famous vineyard.
is above stated sentence is a past continous tense.

Hi ashu4766,

The meaning here is the same as a past continuous: 'While we were driving...' because the first part of the sentence agrees with the subject and time of the main verb in the second part of the sentence. Here, the main verb is 'stopped', which is a past form and so the participle 'driving' has a past meaning; the subject is 'we' and so we know it is 'we' who were driving.

Note that 'while + ing' does not always have a past time reference. If the main verb has, for example, a future time reference then so will the -ing form:

While staying in Paris, we will definitely visit the Louvre.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team