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'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though'

Do you know how to connect two contrasting ideas?

Look at these examples to see how although, even though, in spite of and despite are used.

Although we don't agree, I think she's a brilliant speaker.
Even though we don't agree, I think she's a brilliant speaker.
In spite of the law, people continue to use mobile phones while driving.
Despite the law, people continue to use mobile phones while driving.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though': Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Although, even though, in spite of and despite are all used to link two contrasting ideas or show that one fact makes the other fact surprising. They can all be used at the beginning or in the middle of the sentence. 

Despite the rain, we enjoyed the festival.
We enjoyed the festival, despite the rain.

The main difference between although, even though, in spite of and despite is that they are used with different structures. 

in spite of / despite

After in spite of and despite, we use a noun, gerund (-ing form of a verb) or a pronoun.

They never made much money, in spite of their success.
In spite of the pain in his leg, he completed the marathon.
Despite having a headache, I had a great birthday.
The train was cancelled. In spite of that, we arrived on time.

Note that it is common to use in spite of and despite with the expression the fact that, followed by a subject and verb.

In spite of the fact that he worked very hard, he didn't pass the exam.
Despite the fact that he worked very hard, he didn't pass the exam.

although / even though

After although and even though, we use a subject and a verb. Even though is slightly stronger and more emphatic than although.

I enjoyed the course, although I would have liked more grammar practice.
Although we saw each other every day, we didn't really know each other.
Even though she spoke very quietly, he understood every word.
She didn't get the job, even though she had all the necessary qualifications.

though

Though can be used in the same way as although

Though I wasn't keen on the film, I thought the music was beautiful.

Though can also go at the end of the second phrase. This way of expressing contrasting ideas is most common in spoken English.

We waited ages for our food. The waiter was really nice, though.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though': Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1

Comments

Hello Olzhas

I would recommend you visit TakeIELTS, where you will find loads of information and even some free practice materials. I'm sure you can also find some useful posts on our Facebook page. I'd also recommend keeping your eye on our FutureLearn course Understanding IELTS.

Good luck!

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Yes, I'm succeeded this level, I get out of 5 to 5

Dear sir, can we use though or although and yet together in a sentence?? If yes, then what are the conditions?? Is the following sentence correct ??
Though he is rich, yet he doesn't help anyone.

Hello Pratapsingh.

When we speak, we often change what our sentences before finishing them, and so in a case like that it would be possible, but otherwise, off the top of my head, I can't think of a sentence when you could use 'though' and 'yet' at the same time. You could say 'Though he is rich, he doesn't help anyone' or 'He is rich and yet he doesn't help anyone'.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,

May I know if it is necessary to use past perfect tense in sentences with 'in spite of the fact that'?

E.g. In spite of the fact that she worked hard, she failed the test.
In spite of the fact that she had worked hard, she failed the test.

Are both acceptable?

Hello Leen

Yes, both of these sentences are correct and even other tenses are possible, e.g. 'In spite of the fact that I live in Spain, I am not Spanish.'

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

I need a similar meaning. Would be very nice if someone would help.

In spite of the doctor's orders, she went to the game.

And: She went to the game anyway, doctor's orders __________. (1 word)

Hello Marakistef

You could say 'notwithstanding' there and it would have the same meaning.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

It is a useful exercise.

Hello,

I have constructed a sentence using 'although' . Could you please tell me if there this is correct?

Although innovation is important for progression of humanity, removing traditions completely from our society would not greatly enhance the prospects of progress.

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