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'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though'

Do you know how to connect two contrasting ideas?

Look at these examples to see how although, even though, in spite of and despite are used.

Although we don't agree, I think she's a brilliant speaker.
Even though we don't agree, I think she's a brilliant speaker.
In spite of the law, people continue to use mobile phones while driving.
Despite the law, people continue to use mobile phones while driving.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though': Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Although, even though, in spite of and despite are all used to link two contrasting ideas or show that one fact makes the other fact surprising. They can all be used at the beginning or in the middle of the sentence. 

Despite the rain, we enjoyed the festival.
We enjoyed the festival, despite the rain.

The main difference between although, even though, in spite of and despite is that they are used with different structures. 

in spite of / despite

After in spite of and despite, we use a noun, gerund (-ing form of a verb) or a pronoun.

They never made much money, in spite of their success.
In spite of the pain in his leg, he completed the marathon.
Despite having a headache, I had a great birthday.
The train was cancelled. In spite of that, we arrived on time.

Note that it is common to use in spite of and despite with the expression the fact that, followed by a subject and verb.

In spite of the fact that he worked very hard, he didn't pass the exam.
Despite the fact that he worked very hard, he didn't pass the exam.

although / even though

After although and even though, we use a subject and a verb. Even though is slightly stronger and more emphatic than although.

I enjoyed the course, although I would have liked more grammar practice.
Although we saw each other every day, we didn't really know each other.
Even though she spoke very quietly, he understood every word.
She didn't get the job, even though she had all the necessary qualifications.

though

Though can be used in the same way as although

Though I wasn't keen on the film, I thought the music was beautiful.

Though can also go at the end of the second phrase. This way of expressing contrasting ideas is most common in spoken English.

We waited ages for our food. The waiter was really nice, though.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though': Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1

Comments

May you explain more "despite being bitten"
Why we must use being ..

And it is "Despite the fact of" or "Despite the fact that" or bothe are right ?

Hell Mariam32,

After 'despite' we use a noun or a gerund, which is a noun formed from a verb by adding -ing. 'Being' is a gerund.

We usually say 'Despite the fact that...' (followed by a subject and verb).

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Dear English Team,

I have English sound Issue.I do not speak English clearly. It is very difficult for other people to comprehend with me . How can I over come these issue myself? Kindly give tips.

With Warms Regards,
Suraj Kumar

Hello Suraj Kumar,

I think the best thing would be to work with a teacher. If there's a British Council near you, that might be a place where you could find an appropriate class.

Otherwise, I'd suggest you use the audio and/or video materials in Listen & Watch. For example, you could use Elementary Podcasts. Listen to an episode and then try to imitate the pronunciation as best you can. It's important to proceed slowly in the beginning - your mouth will probably feel uncomfortable, but with practise, this strange feeling should diminish and it should become easier to pronounce. The Cambridge Dictionary, which has recordings of the pronunciation of most of its entries, could also be really useful.

Good luck!

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

A book's book ------------------- there is nothing.
(Although/yet/till ) Which is best to fill the sentence, and is there any rule
Regards
SatayD

Hello SatyaD,

I'm afraid we don't provide an answer service for tasks from elsewhere or from homework or tests! If we tried then we would never have time for any other work. I can say, however, that the sentence does not look a grammatically correct sentence to me whichever option is chosen.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

(1) Although the boy has fever , yet he will take part in the competition.
(2) Although the goal-keeper was responsible for the defeat in the important football match , nobody blamed him.
I think both sentence correct but confused without 'yet' is the second sentence gramatically correct, need explanation

Hello Tapan100,

The second sentence is correct, but the first needs to be changed. We would generally use either 'although' or 'yet', but not both together:

Although the boy has fever, he will take part in the competition.

The boy has fever, yet he will take part in the competition.

The sentence with 'yet' here is more formal and literary-sounding.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Despite the fact that I am working, I feels so sleepy.

Although I was tired i am working full today.

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