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'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though'

Do you know how to connect two contrasting ideas?

Look at these examples to see how although, even though, in spite of and despite are used.

Although we don't agree, I think she's a brilliant speaker.
Even though we don't agree, I think she's a brilliant speaker.
In spite of the law, people continue to use mobile phones while driving.
Despite the law, people continue to use mobile phones while driving.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though': Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Although, even though, in spite of and despite are all used to link two contrasting ideas or show that one fact makes the other fact surprising. They can all be used at the beginning or in the middle of the sentence. 

Despite the rain, we enjoyed the festival.
We enjoyed the festival, despite the rain.

The main difference between although, even though, in spite of and despite is that they are used with different structures. 

in spite of / despite

After in spite of and despite, we use a noun, gerund (-ing form of a verb) or a pronoun.

They never made much money, in spite of their success.
In spite of the pain in his leg, he completed the marathon.
Despite having a headache, I had a great birthday.
The train was cancelled. In spite of that, we arrived on time.

Note that it is common to use in spite of and despite with the expression the fact that, followed by a subject and verb.

In spite of the fact that he worked very hard, he didn't pass the exam.
Despite the fact that he worked very hard, he didn't pass the exam.

although / even though

After although and even though, we use a subject and a verb. Even though is slightly stronger and more emphatic than although.

I enjoyed the course, although I would have liked more grammar practice.
Although we saw each other every day, we didn't really know each other.
Even though she spoke very quietly, he understood every word.
She didn't get the job, even though she had all the necessary qualifications.

though

Though can be used in the same way as although

Though I wasn't keen on the film, I thought the music was beautiful.

Though can also go at the end of the second phrase. This way of expressing contrasting ideas is most common in spoken English.

We waited ages for our food. The waiter was really nice, though.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though': Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1

Comments

you are not able to get out me of your life although I love you so much. '' although or anothers ?

Hello alixmanx,

I'm afraid I don't understand what you want to say well enough to be able to help very much with this sentence. One correction is to change the first part to 'get me out of your life'. 'although' doesn't really make sense to me, but I don't know what you want to say, so it's difficult to suggest another word. Perhaps 'because'?

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much everyone who share here....

Despite of the bad weather, there was a large crowd at the match.
- this doesn't look like a correct sentence to me
I would delete the word "of" in this case

Hello swiftyswifty,

That's correct – the word 'of' is not correct here.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

SALAM.

Sir
is there any rules regarding correct preposition use?

kingly guide me please !!!!!

Verb "DRAG " belongs to regular verb or irregular.

regards
#SA

Hello ALSYED,

'Drag' is regular, but doubles the consonant in the past:

drag - dragged - dragged

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi!

I need your help. I read a sentence: Despite enjoying working with her peers

Which v-ing functions as the noun?

Hello jojo1708,

I'm not an expert at syntax or parsing sentences – that's not really our purpose here at LearnEnglish – but I'd say that both 'enjoying' and 'working' are verbal nouns. But if I had to choose one, I'd say 'working', as the object of 'enjoying'.

I hope this helps.

Best regards,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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