'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though'

Do you know how to connect two contrasting ideas?

Look at these examples to see how although, even though, in spite of and despite are used.

Although we don't agree, I think she's a brilliant speaker.
Even though we don't agree, I think she's a brilliant speaker.
In spite of the law, people continue to use mobile phones while driving.
Despite the law, people continue to use mobile phones while driving.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though': Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Although, even though, in spite of and despite are all used to link two contrasting ideas or show that one fact makes the other fact surprising. They can all be used at the beginning or in the middle of the sentence. 

Despite the rain, we enjoyed the festival.
We enjoyed the festival, despite the rain.

The main difference between although, even though, in spite of and despite is that they are used with different structures. 

in spite of / despite

After in spite of and despite, we use a noun, gerund (-ing form of a verb) or a pronoun.

They never made much money, in spite of their success.
In spite of the pain in his leg, he completed the marathon.
Despite having a headache, I had a great birthday.
The train was cancelled. In spite of that, we arrived on time.

Note that it is common to use in spite of and despite with the expression the fact that, followed by a subject and verb.

In spite of the fact that he worked very hard, he didn't pass the exam.
Despite the fact that he worked very hard, he didn't pass the exam.

although / even though

After although and even though, we use a subject and a verb. Even though is slightly stronger and more emphatic than although.

I enjoyed the course, although I would have liked more grammar practice.
Although we saw each other every day, we didn't really know each other.
Even though she spoke very quietly, he understood every word.
She didn't get the job, even though she had all the necessary qualifications.


Though can be used in the same way as although

Though I wasn't keen on the film, I thought the music was beautiful.

Though can also go at the end of the second phrase. This way of expressing contrasting ideas is most common in spoken English.

We waited ages for our food. The waiter was really nice, though.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

'in spite of', 'despite', 'although', 'even though' and 'though': Grammar test 2

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Hello Noman Hossain,

Thank you for your lovely comment. Actually, there is something you can give back to us - you can help us to get more users by telling all the English learners and teachers you know about us!

We want everyone to have the chance to use this site to help them learn English, so please spread the word.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by homjacok on Fri, 25/05/2012 - 19:36



Someone can explain when we use  "at the beginning" and "in the beginning"?

Submitted by rhiz30 on Wed, 23/05/2012 - 07:54


hello everyone,please help me to improve my grammar.i'm so confusing what tenses of the verb will i use to my letter of my future employer.

Submitted by beckybloomwood on Sun, 20/05/2012 - 07:40


Hi Everyone,


Glad I found this site! I am Newbie here and today is my first day. I am also from philippines-:)

Submitted by mary chris on Wed, 16/05/2012 - 13:20


hello there,,its my first day here ..i badly want to improve my english skills. i hope this site could help a lot

Submitted by sunil singh 1709 on Mon, 14/05/2012 - 12:41


hi...every one m new here....n hope dis site will definitly improve my english...

Submitted by sunil singh 1709 on Mon, 14/05/2012 - 12:39


hello.........sir adam....i also wanted to learn a gud grammar...hope this website will give me a gud chance to learn....n i am new in this site also....so plzz help me as far as possible...

Hello Sunil,

Welcome to LearnEnglish! I hope you find the site useful as you use it to help your English develop. If you have any specific questions, please ask!

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by MMarisa (not verified) on Fri, 11/05/2012 - 20:24


Hi everybody,

I hope to be doing well because I wanted to post a commend or request here and it took me some time as I didnt know how to do it.

Well, I want to ask if someone has the book "The Romans" level 3(penguin active reading, author: David Maule). I was trying to download it from the web but I couldnt.

Tanks in advance and enjoy the site! best wishes from Argentina!

Hi Marisa,

I don't think that book is available as an eBook, so you won't be able to download it. However, I can see a few online bookshops in Argentina have it, so you could order it from them.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Adam,

thanks a lot for your reply, but I dont want the book as e-book, I'd like it in pdf format, I really don't know if it's the same. No possible to get it in book shops here as they say it's sold out and a bit old now, personally I don't think it's too old, but they edit new titles every year and dont make new editions of some books.

Anyway, thanks again for answering. I will go on searching.

All the best!

Hi Marisa,

I think PDFs probably count as e-books, although most e-book readers use other formats, like EPUB or MOBI, so you usually can't buy books as PDFs.

Are you sure you can't buy it in Argentina? It looks to me as if this shop sells it, but I don't speak Spanish so I might be missing something. There are also some bookshops in other countries which offer international delivery - this site seems to have free shipping to Argentina. I haven't looked closely at those pages, so check them out yourself before ordering.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


Submitted by Veemin on Thu, 10/05/2012 - 20:05

Please correct my grammar" A Young lady shouted me. Or a young lady shouting to me?

Hello Veemin,

Neither of your sentences are correct, unfortunately! Firstly, you need to find the correct verb pattern for 'shout'. Look it up in the Dictionary box at the right of the screen and check how 'shout' is used with a person.

Then you need to decide which verb form you want to use. 'Shouted' can be good if you are talking about the past, but if you are using 'shouting', you need to use the correct form for the present continuous.

Let us see your next attempt and we'll be happy to help!

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Veemin,

Have you followed the suggestions in my answer above? If so, what do you think the sentence should be?

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by Veemin on Thu, 10/05/2012 - 20:00

Hi! Can you teach me english grammar? Hope to learn a lot in this web.

Submitted by Anastasia Rybina on Thu, 26/04/2012 - 19:06


not bad!



Submitted by n2noo on Tue, 17/04/2012 - 13:24



my problem is i am forget what i studding in English what can i do ?

ham work in big company all in this company  no toke Arabic  

Submitted by Manav_333 on Sat, 07/04/2012 - 07:29


I'm a travel professional & want to improve my speaking English , I have lot of problem while i speak with somebody, my face expression, my voice all are out of control while speak 

Please guide me what should be the best way to improve my speaking English  

Submitted by SandraM on Fri, 06/04/2012 - 18:28


I have posted a comment from a while and it's awaiting moderation , Please I am extremely needy for the reply right now and I can't delay for along--> ( I have an exam ''open book'' it's allowed to me to open books and to ask questions and to search for answers...) I would like the reply will be received quickly



i want to mention a situation happened *in the future of the past*,   what tense i will use , how  

the answer , explanation !

Hello Sandra,

I'm afraid that LearnEnglish does not offer any sort of urgent reply service. We try to reply to as many questions as we can, but there are only a few of us and lots of people learning English, so it's not practical for us to reply within a few minutes or hours. You also picked a bad day to ask, as today is a holiday for most of the LearnEnglish team - it's the Easter weekend!

I think the best page on this site for your question is this one about the past in general which covers talking about plans for the future in the past.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by SandraM on Fri, 06/04/2012 - 18:00


hi , i have an URGENT question of grammar , i wish to receive the reply sooner  !

i want to mention a situation happened *in the future of the past*,   what tense i will use , how ?? please , i need the answer quickly and with explanation !!!   

Submitted by murat1980 on Wed, 04/04/2012 - 18:47


ı did something good

Submitted by murat1980 on Wed, 04/04/2012 - 18:42


do you think this web can teach us eng?

Submitted by L'or on Wed, 04/04/2012 - 16:14



I'm living in Cameroon. I'd like to find a way to improve my English, though I registered. I'm not sure that it would help me because I need really to practice and to have someone who can correct my errors. I'm not sure that this website allow us to reach this objective. I'd like to know about your experiences and to know if you really improve your English that way ?

Thank you.

Hi L'or. I am en new learner of English and i would like to improve my English, too.

This is the due site for that purpose. You can trust it, your English will be improved through this site.

The team is made of experts persons who take care of every difficulty the learners have.


I use this site very often.


Submitted by sales87 on Wed, 04/04/2012 - 01:18


Hello to everyone!

My name is Sasha and I come from Serbia.Well,for the start I want to thank you on this great opportunity.With you, learning English has never been easier.But I feel like I have to and I want to be better than I'm now so I will appreciate if someone can help me to reach my goals.

I will be waiting on your reply...:)

Submitted by Harrika on Tue, 03/04/2012 - 14:03



My name is Harrika.

I'm new in this web and I'd like to improve my english skills.

20 years ago (more or less) I got my B1 english title and now I'd like to get my B2.

Last years I've been studying Bask (I got the C1 level) so I know it's gonna be a little difficult for me to recover my lost english level.

I'm sure I'll need all the help you can give me.

Thank's for reading me.

I am with the same problem buddy. I have done some courses from British council, but still some more.


hi i've just registered in this site but i think it is interesting and helpful to english learners.hope you will find people who are ready to help

Submitted by Aryamp1 on Sat, 31/03/2012 - 02:17



I am from Eritrea (it's actually near to the red sea river) I'm 14 yrs old i would really love to improve my English skills, I live in Canada, so I've been in Canada for just 1 year and English is just little bit hard for me. I'm here exactly to improve my English skills.

i hope this site will help me to improve my English



Thank you  for your time

Submitted by Caecilia Sarah… on Fri, 30/03/2012 - 11:56


Hi, guys..

I'm 21 years old. I'm from Indonesia.

I would like to improve my english with more practice.

I'll be so glad if there are any person willing to teach or learn together with me.


Thank you.

God Bless You.

Submitted by Lynn Zhang on Sat, 24/03/2012 - 13:37


Hello everybody!!!Nice to meet you~

I am a 16-year-old girl coming from China.   I want to improve my English abilities and have good scores in the exam!   I find it hard for me to remember so much grammar!

Although my study English well  in my class ,I know I am not good enough .So,can you help me?   I am glad to make some foreign friends.     We can communicate with each other through e-mails.I hope you can reply me!     If so ,I would be very happy~Thank you~

Hello Lynn,

Welcome to LearnEnglish! We're very happy to have you here.

However, please remember that the House Rules say that you cannot share email addresses with other users of the site.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Submitted by magettarashid on Fri, 23/03/2012 - 19:42


hellow guys......my name is Rashid from Tanzania i just want to improve my English and more confident enough in speaking please let us corporate so as to meet our desire.... 


Submitted by algida on Wed, 21/03/2012 - 14:31


hello!I'm new here and i hope that  with your help i will learn this language perfecly

Submitted by Ricardo Colmenares on Wed, 21/03/2012 - 00:48


Hi people.I'm from venezuela. I'm new here. I want learn very much English. I need help from all.

I am great:) and hope you are too:)

best wishes. Magnet

Submitted by konel on Sat, 17/03/2012 - 10:08


Hi everybody...!!!! how're u?? I'm from Azerbaijan...i want to learn english very well.. please help me... 



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