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In today's lecture we're going to be talking about experiments, and I thought it might be interesting for you all to learn about the world's oldest continuously running laboratory experiment that is still going today. In fact, it holds the Guinness World Record for being the longest-running experiment. This experiment began in 1927 and has been going ever since.
It's called the 'pitch drop' experiment and it was created by Professor Thomas Parnell at the University of Queensland, Australia. Parnell was the university's first physics professor, and he wanted to show in this experiment that everyday materials, such as pitch, can have quite surprising properties.
You see, when pitch is at room temperature, it feels solid. You can easily break it with a hammer. However, it isn't in fact solid. At room temperature, pitch is many billions of times more viscous than water, but it's actually fluid.
In 1927, Professor Parnell took a sample of pitch. He heated it and poured it into a glass funnel. He allowed the pitch to cool and settle – for three years. He then turned the funnel upside down and cut the top off it.
Since then, the pitch has slowly dropped out of the funnel. How slowly? Well, the first drop took eight years to fall. It took another forty years for another five drops to fall. Today it's been almost 90 years since the experiment started. Only nine drops have fallen from the funnel. The last drop fell in April 2014 and the next one is expected to fall in the 2020s.
The experiment has a tragic story associated with it. Professor Parnell died without seeing a pitch drop. His replacement, Professor John Mainstone, became responsible for the pitch drop experiment from 1961. He held the job for 52 years, and missed seeing the drop fall three times – by a day in 1977, by just five minutes in 1988 and finally in 2000, when the webcam that was recording the experiment suffered a power outage for 20 minutes, during which time the pitch dropped.
The pitch drop experiment is something we can all participate in now. There's a live web stream that allows anyone to watch the glass funnel and wait for the fateful moment. A similar experiment to the Queensland pitch drop was set up in Dublin, and the video of the moment the pitch actually dropped went viral on the internet. It's interesting to see how a very slow event can spread news so quickly.
Off the top of my head, I can't think of any experiments as famous as the pitch drop experiment. However, I do remember learning about the famous story of Isaac Newton observing an apple fall from a tree, which led him to discover the concept of gravity. This is a great example of how simple observations can lead to groundbreaking scientific discoveries.
I really like to read a article or watch a video about experiments. Also, i interested in chemical when i got to high school.Now, ı have been working as a R&D engineer and we have been doing a lot of experiments to improve our products to have better one. For example , when ı worked at FORD Otosan, ı was responsible of the development tests of the Gen 2 and electricity engines for the trucks. We have tried to find a better solutions to reduce C02 emission to have a better world in the future without climate change. We can fix our world together
Do you know of any other famous experiments? What are they?
Yes.The gravity experiment. It was done by Isaac Newton. When he was sitting under an apple tree in his garden at home, an apple fell directly onto his head, causing him to have a light-bulb moment- a moment of inspiration on how gravity works in space.
Yes, I am Chemical Engineer, so I have studied a lot of different experiments at the school and university. Personally, I believe one of them very famous due to both the easiness and the relevance is the Arquimedes experiment that let him find out the volume of any body is the same than the volume of fallen water when you sink the object in a bath full with water. This is the origen of the famous frase Eureka!
Yes, Hot ice experiment
I can remember a lot of experiments. Some of them are positive and have clearly changed our world, like what Nasa has always done, including the Apollos. But sadly, some of the experiments were disasters. For example, I suppose the most violent and aggressive experiments belong to the Nazi party.
Yes, I have read about important experiments. for example the experiment that Graham Bell did for telephone invention.
Yes, I do remember reading about an experiment in which in the year 1964 a 17 years old American student spent 11 days awake without the help of chemical drugs, the goal for the experiment was to determine how long could a person keep being awake without a single moment of sleep and study the reactions of the brain and the rest of his body. The conclusion of the study was that the brain have the ability of rest by sectors maintaining activity in some parts and resting others at the same time until the complete exhaustion.
Thanks for the lesson.
Actually, I don't remember about any famous experiments. However, I was just looking for information and knew about a strange experiment that is called Project MKUltra. It was a series of experiments on human subjects by the CIA. The project developed drugs and procedures to be used in torture in order to weaken the individual to confess through mind control.
Yes, I know a experiment it's about Newtown gravity experiment. When an apple falling from a tree there is a gravity.