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How to spot fake news

Read some tips for spotting fake news to practise and improve your reading skills.

Do the preparation task first. Then read the text and do the exercises.

Reading text

Every time you're online, you are bombarded by pictures, articles, links and videos trying to tell their story. Unfortunately, not all of these stories are true. Sometimes they want you to click on another story or advertisement at their own site, other times they want to upset people for political reasons. These days it's so easy to share information. These stories circulate quickly, and the result is … fake news.

There is a range of fake news: from crazy stories which people easily recognise to more subtle types of misinformation. Experts in media studies and online psychology have been examining the fake news phenomenon. Read these tips, and don't get fooled!

1. Check the source

Look at the website where the story comes from. Does it look real? Is the text well written? Are there a variety of other stories or is it just one story? Fake news websites often use addresses that sound like real newspapers, but don't have many real stories about other topics. If you aren't sure, click on the 'About' page and look for a clear description of the organisation.

2. Watch out for fake photos

Many fake news stories use images that are Photoshopped or taken from an unrelated site. Sometimes, if you just look closely at an image, you can see if it has been changed. Or use a tool like Google Reverse Image search. It will show you if the same image has been used in other contexts.

3. Check the story is in other places

Look to see if the story you are reading is on other news sites that you know and trust. If you do find it on many other sites, then it probably isn't fake (although there are some exceptions), as many big news organisations try to check their sources before they publish a story. 

4. Look for other signs

There are other techniques that fake news uses. These include using ALL CAPS and lots of ads that pop up when you click on a link. Also, think about how the story makes you feel. If the news story makes you angry, it's probably designed to make you angry.

If you know these things about online news, and can apply them in your everyday life, then you have the control over what to read, what to believe and most importantly what to share. If you find a news story that you know is fake, the most important advice is: don't share it!

Discussion

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Language level

Intermediate: B1

Comments

Yes, i get to watch fake news online several times. it has unrelated content, looks, fake pictures and lots of advertisement are visible on the same page.
Sometimes i get fake emails also, in which, the mailer asks me to share my personal account details to credit the lottery amount which i have never participated. on the spot i delete these types of email.

I hate fake news

Actually sometimes am confused about stories is it fake or real, that's why now I can't believe anything specially from social media, only from original sources I can believe.

Yes, I have. There are lots of fake news on social media and unfortunately, many people believe them!

I have read fake news and the problem I encountered is not so serious, but it makes me feel quite uncomfortable. Firstly, It wasted my time reading fake news. Secondly, I was worried about reading fake news about horrors or illness and the most important thing was that I talked and alerted the people around what I read while it was fake.

Yes, I have. There are many evil people outthere. They only have one purpose, they just want other people to make feel bad and angry. Something I do now is follow some of the things shared on the article, but what about young people? For example, there are teenagers that follow youtubers that say whatever and his followers believe in all the things they say.

I guess, I haven't seen fake news, but my father told me some news which was obviously faked, but the most terrible is that he truly believed that. And it's frightening me a lot.

Yes, I have read a lot of fake news especially on whatsapp. I try to managed them.

I have seen hundreds of fake news especially on Facebook and fake news in this era is quite common even reliable company's shares fake news *If I see fake news online I would report the site or the page etc

Yes, I have.
If I suspect what story is fake, I try to check it on a reliable sites. Also I use a way about checking of faking photos.

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