Nick talks about the history of The Thames and then is shown around a houseboat on the river. Later, he meets some artists who create incredible images of London in the future.

Do the Preparation task first. Then watch the video. Next go to Task and do the activity. If you need help, you can read the Transcript at any time.

Task 1

Comprehension Task

Fill in the gaps in the sentences with the words from the box.

Exercise

Task 2

Comprehension Task

Read the questions about the video and select the right answers.

Exercise

Download

Language level

Intermediate: B1

Comments

Hi nkmg,

We use this form - the present perfect - when there is a present result of a past action. Here, the money was invested (in the past) and there is a present result (the area has been regenerated). We would use the past simple (was invested) if the action was in the past without any particular result in the present.

You can read more about the present perfect here.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi sir:

I still have a big problem with the meaning of present result
what is this mean exactly ?
The Big Ben built in past but it still existing as a result of past action

Hello nkmg,

When we speak about a past action with a present result, we're speaking about an action that happened in the past and the results of that action, which began in the past and still continue now.

If you are speaking only about when it was built, the past simple would be the verb form you'd most likely use, e.g. 'Elizabeth Tower ('Big Ben') was completed in 1858', but if the action you're referring to began in the past and is still true now, the present perfect would be the correct form, e.g. 'Elizabeth Tower was completed in 1858 and has been an important symbol of the UK for decades'. The idea of 'has been' is that it became an important symbol in the past and also still is an important symbol today.

I hope this helps you.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Kirk :
I want another clarification please
Can i use present simple with this sentence to express a fact
'Elizabeth Tower ('Big Ben')completes in 1858 ( isn't a fact )

Hello nkmg,

I'm afraid that this sentence is not correct. In terms of verb tense, the present simple is not correct here, because Elizabeth Tower was completed in the past (1858), not the present.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I speak English fairly well. The trouble is that I was taught never to say 'Lesser' as a comparative. But recently, I read a book,"Children Of The Lesser Gods", and I'm confused! When can I use this word?
Need some help from you!

Hello Dr British1,

The word 'lesser' means 'less important' or 'minor'. It is different from 'less' which means 'fewer' when used as a comparitive adjective, and which is also used in comparative forms with long adjectives ('less beautiful').

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Is modal verbs are example of mixed tenses ?

Hello MAHESHAD,

No, modal verbs are a category of their own and not an example of anything. I'm not really sure what you mean by 'mixed tenses'.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir

How can I download the video? or it can´t be downloaded?

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