After firing the sales director, Phillip and Marcia discuss job applications and the interview format.

Do the Preparation task first. Then watch the video. Next go to Task and do the activity. If you need help, you can read the transcript at any time.

Task 1

Decide if the statements are true or false.

Task 2

Business notes

When applying for a job in the UK it is usual to have to submit a Curriculum Vitae or CV (also known as a résumé in the USA).

A CV is a personal history of one’s education, professional history and job qualifications with a strong emphasis on specific skills relating to the position being applied for.

When shortlisting for suitable interview candidates employers will usually make this decision based on the CV and possibly a cover letter.

A cover letter, or covering letter, is a letter of introduction attached to or accompanying another document such as a curriculum vitae. Cover letters are generally one page at most in length, divided into a header, introduction, body, and closing.

Header: Cover letters use standard business letter style, with the sender's address and other information, the recipient's contact information, and the date sent after either the sender's or the recipient's address. The final part of the header is a salutation (e.g., "Dear Hiring Managers").

Introduction: The introduction briefly states the specific position desired, and is designed to catch the employer's immediate interest.

Body: The body highlights or amplifies on material in the résumé or job application, and explains why the job seeker is interested in the job and would be of value to the employer. Also, matters discussed typically include skills, qualifications, and past experience. If there are any special things to note such as availability date, they may be included as well.

Closing: A closing sums up the letter, and indicates the next step the applicant expects to take. It may indicate that the applicant intends to contact the employer, although many favour the more indirect approach of simply saying that the applicant will look forward to hearing from or speaking with the employer. After the closing is a valediction ("Sincerely"), and then a signature line.


Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2


My most serious promble is that I can read and understand almost words in this topic but when only listening I can't understand half of the topic's words.  Why Listening is so difficult ? 

Hello Yi Wen,
It's actually quite simple. Listening is harder than reading, because you don't control the speed and you have to understand the pronunciation.
When you read, you can slow down if you find a sentence or word difficult. You can think about it or read it again. In contrast, when you listen, you don't have much control over the speed. There might also be a problem with understanding the speaker's accent.
That's why we have lots of listening activities on the site for you to practise this skill.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

 what u can do is listen more to these English channels and concentrate on each and every word they say.....and soon u will be able to understand them

Thank you so much !
I'll try to do .

We can easily improve our cv with the help of above  info.

It will be exactly potential approach in applying for a vacant post or CV arrangement and  Cover letter.
there is used an expression in transcript (, who have we got then?) this seem strange for me, so possibly some one might be there  share me advices a bout  exact meaning and usage of that.
forward thank you

Hello Jamaluddin
This is often used in coversation to ask about people in a group (although it wouldn't be suitable for very formal situations). Philip uses the question to ask Marcia for information about the candidates on her shortlist. 
I hope this helps
All the best
The LearnEnglish Team

I found the lesson very useful. It can help improve my CV.

I would like to know what is an job application, what is the difference of this and a cover letter.
Thank you.

Hello Lau
A job application covers all the things that are included when we apply for a job. So it includes the cover letter and the CV.
A cover letter, or covering letter, is the letter that introduces the candidate. He or she sends this with his or her CV as part of the job application. 
Does this make it clearer?
I hope this helps
All the best
The LearnEnglish Team