Pronouns

Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. We often use them to avoid repeating the nouns that they refer to. Pronouns have different forms for the different ways we use them. 

Read clear grammar explanations and example sentences to help you understand how pronouns are used. Then, put your grammar knowledge into practice by doing the exercises.  

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Thank you Sir Peter for encourage me. I will definitely to hard work to use English as native speakers do. This site is really help full for us. Thank you British council.
Hey, guy, don't be so pessimistic!:) Do you really reckon that 28 is the end of your life??? Come on!:) I'm nearly 45 and I've raised my English level from Elementary up to Advanced in just one year and a half (without living in an English speaking country - only the British Council classess in my country and work at home by myself). Of course, it wasn't easy. And it still need some time and efforts to further improve my Engish or, at least, to keep my current level. Just two points: hard work and everyday practice. And don't mind your age!:) Believe me - it isn't an obstacle:)

SonuKumar 提交于 周二, 02/01/2018 - 07:08

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Sir, what's the difference between I'm going to do or I'm going to be doing and where should they be used ? I've checked it out on internet already but, I didn't find a satisfactory answer.

Hello SonuKumar,

As with most forms with future meaning, the context is important here. However, the key difference in most contexts is as follows:

I'm going to have dinner at six o'clock.

I'm going to be having dinner at six o'clock.

The first sentence tells us that dinnner starts at six o'clock. The second sentence tells us that at six o'clock you will be in the process of having dinner. It may have only just begun or it may be nearly finished; this is not clear from the sentence.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

SonuKumar 提交于 周一, 01/01/2018 - 15:07

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Sir, I Iost my Mom in 2010 because of her brain haemorrhage, since then I have to do loads of home task. But Even after that I have a strong interest in learning English. I have some schools near me but because of much work in home and after 10+2 I don't get time to go to some English teachers in schools and ask my questions related to English to them. I have some books but not many and high-standard. But I really want to learn English as much as possible by my whole heart. and In this situation, you've been really, really a great help to me and I hope you will continue to be so in future as well. Though I know I sometimes ask questions not relating to the material of English on this site but, as My English is improving, I'm trying to be limited according to this site rules yet thank you so much for responding us all users on the questions even not related to the material on this site. If we have distributed you and bothered you in any way please forgive us and In the once again you've been really a great help for all of us all long year. We expect you to be the same in this new year. with all respect wishing you a very very happy New year 2018. May God give everything you want.

Hello SonuKumar,

Thanks for your comment and we wish you a happy new year as well!

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

NIDA ILYAS 提交于 周三, 27/12/2017 - 10:42

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sir, I want to know that grammatically, whose the portion firstly read or learn

Hello Nida Ilyas,

This section is a reference section -- there is no specific order. I would recommend you read our Getting started and Frequently asked questions pages for tips on how to use our site.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Belal Hussain s 提交于 周一, 25/12/2017 - 10:55

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Dear sir, Would u plz help me to distinguish strong verbs and weak verbs and their functions? Thank u.

Hello Belal Hussain,

'Strong' verbs are also called 'irregular' verbs and 'weak' verbs are also called 'regular' verbs. Regular verbs have regular past simple forms, which are formed by adding 'd' or 'ed' to the end, e.g. 'talk' --> 'talked'.

Irregular verbs have a different past simple form, e.g. 'speak' --> 'spoke'.

Does that make sense?

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team 

Arvin2017 提交于 周五, 15/12/2017 - 13:59

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Hello Sir, I read in a web page that a pronoun must always refer to a single, clear, unmistakable noun antecedent and because of that the sentence below is wrong : 1. I did not attend the rally , which was very unpatriotic of me. On the other hand , somewhere else I read that Sometimes an adjective clause modifies an entire sentence and that the sentence below is correct : 2. The team won the championship, which shocked the opponents. Why sentence '' 1 '' is wrong ( if it is ) while sentence '' 2 '' is correct ? Thank you, Arvin

Hello Arvin,

There is nothing wrong with the first sentence other than the space before the comma! Both sentences are grammatically correct for the reasons you state: the relative clause describes the whole of the main clause, not just one noun phrase within it.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much, sir .Your answer helped me a lot.

SonuKumar 提交于 周四, 14/12/2017 - 16:16

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Sir, There are many complicated people. There are many people left. There are many people complicated. There are many left people. first above two sentences are right and acceptable but the two below don't look right and acceptable I think that is not the right sequence for the verb left and adjective complicated right ? any other ? Sometimes we use 'The' in front of Road and sometimes we don't. I think road is countable but by names. what is your take on this ?

Hello SonuKumar,

'Complicated' is a normal adjective and precedes the noun which it describes.

'Left' in this sentence is a past participle describing the noun. It has a passive meaning - effectively it means 'people who are left' and it must follow the noun just as other participle clauses/phrases do. You can read more about these forms on this page.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Ahmad Salem Sedeqi 提交于 周三, 13/12/2017 - 22:41

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HI, I am new member for this site and happy to learn English language, I will try my best. I have a question about adverb. What's the rule of adverb r how to learn it easy?

Hello Ahmad Salem Sedeqi,

Welcome! We have several pages on adverbs in our Adverbials section. There is some explanation on that first page that I've linked to, but then if you look on the right side of the page, you will see links to other pages (for example, how we make adverbials, where they go in a sentence, etc.).

By the way, if you haven't already read it, I would suggest looking at our Frequently asked questions page for advice on how to get the most out of our site.

We look forward to seeing you around the site!

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

pumbi 提交于 周三, 13/12/2017 - 14:32

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Dear Sir; Are they correct grammatically?. Do I need to use "you did" in these sentence?. You look exactly the same as you did in school. You look exactly the same as you did the first day when I saw you.

Hello pumbi,

You can say these sentences in two ways:

You look exactly the same as you did in school.

You look exactly the same as in school.

You look exactly the same as you did the first day I saw you.

You look exactly the same as the first day I saw you.

 

As Kirk said, the sentence is better without 'when'.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

pumbi 提交于 周三, 13/12/2017 - 05:00

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Dear Sir; Can you remember the day when I saw you Or Can you remember the day I saw you Please which one is correct?. If the second one is correct, why I can't use "when" to describe the day

Hello pumbi,

I'd say the second one is much more common, but both are correct. 'when' is often dropped after nouns referring to time (such as 'day').

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, Acronyms are Noun?is there any grammatical rules to use this? I searched Acronyms in this web but I didn't find any page related to Acronyms. If its available kindly let me know.

Hello Imran 26,

I'm afraid we don't have any pages that specifically address acronyms, but the Cambridge Dictionary has a good page on Abbreviations, initials and acronyms that might be helpful to you. Or if you have a specific question, please feel free to ask us.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Umer Yousaf 提交于 周日, 03/12/2017 - 17:28

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Is this sentence grammatically correct "People have and still do disagree on this matter"? If yes, then please teach me how we form these sentences and what we call this type of sentences. Thanking you in anticipation.

Hello Umer Yousaf,

I expect you could find examples of this kind of sentence in published texts, but I personally would avoid it in favour of something like 'People have disagreed on this matter and still do' because 'have' is followed by the past participle 'disagreed' and 'do' is followed by the bare infinitive 'disagree'.

Leaving out words that can be understood from context is called ellipsis -- if you follow the link, you can see a good explanation of it there.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

SonuKumar 提交于 周日, 03/12/2017 - 09:51

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Sir, I'm having soup or I'm having a soup I'm having a bowl of soup or I'm having a drink of soup. Are these all correct or some of them ?

Hello SonuKumar,

Both of the first ones are correct, as 'soup' can be used as both an uncount noun and a count noun. We don't normally conceive of soup as a 'drink', so I'd not say that sentence, but the other one (about a bowl) is correct also.

By the way, please remember not to post the same question more than once.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

SonuKumar 提交于 周日, 03/12/2017 - 05:00

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He says what we say. I think I can also write this sentence like this= What we say is He says. right ? I have 3 years of experience in this sector. is it also right to say the ssame thing like this= I have an experience of three years in this sector ?

Hello SonuKumar,

You need to change your sentence slightly:

He says what we say can be reformulated as What we say is what he says.

 

The second sentence also needs some changes:

I have three years' experience in this sector.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir, Kindly let me know about "Acronyms", is that use for slang language or it could also use in polite way. Also explain that its for Britine English or is that colloquial English of other countries like USA, Australia & Canada. Also let me know we could use it in written or speech both term?

Hello Imran 26,

It is fine to use acronyms in both formal and informal speech and writing and you will hear, for example, acronyms like 'USA', 'the UN' and 'the EU' used very widely. Problems only really arise when the acronyms are not so widely known or when a person uses too many as the speech then becomes hard to follow and sounds more like jargon than normal language.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

iphie 提交于 周二, 28/11/2017 - 09:56

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Hello Sir, which one is correct and what's the difference between them: A: I am coming home right now. B: I'm coming home right now. C: Am coming home right now.

Hello iphie,

A and B are correct. B is just a shorter ('contracted') form of A. C is used sometimes in speech, but it's not really correct in standard English.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir, My friend said to me "dude, get your sh*t together and take a hint." Sir, I couldn't make her sense what did she say, is that correct above sentence.

Hello Imran,

It sounds as if your friend wants you to put your thoughts in order ('get yourself together') so that you can understand an indirect message ('hint') that someone is giving you.

This is quite informal and also fairly strong language. One of the words isn't really used in polite speech, which is why there is an asterisk (*) in it instead of the letter 'i'.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Solveig Bugtene 提交于 周二, 14/11/2017 - 12:06

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Hei, I have problems understanding how to use the possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives. Which sentence is correct in these pairs: A: Greta is a friend of her, or B: Greta is a friend of hers? A: Joan is not a friend of him, or B:Joan is not a friend of his? A: Charles is a friend of them, or B: Charles is a friend of theirs? A: Lee and Michael are friends of us, or B: Lee and Michael are friends of ours?

Hello Solveig,

In all four sentences, B is the correct option. You might want to take a look at our possessives section for more information on how to use different possessive forms.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, As you see by the name itself, possessive pronouns substitute the pronoun, as long as the possessive adjectives you need always a name after it. as it is known that adjective describes the name. the correct answer in these sentences would be the possessive pronouns. if you use possessive adjectives you have to change for example Greta is her friend. in these sentences you have even objects pronouns that substitute the object.

SonuKumar 提交于 周一, 13/11/2017 - 17:09

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Sir, My brother was sleeping on the roof and I had to go to the roof to wake him up, but he himself woke up and came down, before I go and wake him or Before I went and woke him or before I would go and wake him. Now the problem is that I think I should not use present simple in the last sentence after 'Before' because the incident was in the past and I also should not use the past simple here because I didn't go and wake him, but I think I should use a model sentence here with 'Would' Before I would go and wake him, he himself woke up and came down ? what do you think or what is your sasuggestion which will be appreciated a lot ?

Hzazai 提交于 周六, 11/11/2017 - 08:42

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Hello Sir, i am very happy to come this side for learn English, but i am totally confused to learn English. Please someone help me, How to learn and speak?

Hello Hzazai,

Welcome! I'd recommend you read our Getting started and Frequently asked questions pages, which are designed for new user and have advice on how to use our site for your specific purposes. After you've read them, if you have any other questions, please don't hesitate to ask us!

You might also want to check out our Facebook page, which has links to lots of useful resources on LearnEnglish and other websites.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

SonuKumar 提交于 周日, 05/11/2017 - 13:35

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He was, perhaps, a little too smartly dressed for a holidaymaker. Sir, do we really need to use these commas covering 'perhaps' here or is it still right to use no commas here ? My brother sees or looks at something right now. I think I should ask him 'what do you see or look at' rather than asking him these questions in continuous form because see and look at are stative verbs right and what about 'watch' should I use that in continuous form in this situation ?

Hello SonuKumar,

It's fine to not use the commas in that sentence if you prefer that. I think most people would use them, as they represent a kind of pause in speaking, but there's not strictly necessary.

The present continuous form is better because he is looking at the thing right now, at this time. The simple forms suggest his looking is a habit rather than something he's doing now. It's similar to the verb 'wear'. 'I'm wearing a hat' is a statement about right now, whereas 'I wear a hat' is a statement about a regular or habitual action.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

SonuKumar 提交于 周日, 29/10/2017 - 19:31

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He was, perhaps, a little too smartly dressed for a holidaymaker. Sir, do we really need to use these commas covering 'perhaps' here or is it still right to use no commas here ? My brother sees or looks at something right now. I think I should ask him 'what do you see or look at' rather than asking him these questions in continuous form because see and look at are stative verbs right and what about 'watch' should I use that in continuous form in this situation ?

SonuKumar 提交于 周六, 28/10/2017 - 17:43

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Sir, Children always speak the same language what their parents do. I think I should replace 'as' with 'what' in this sentence right ? should I also use 'Which' in this sentence rather than what though I'm talking in general ? I have the same toy as yours is right sentence or should I only write like this I have a toy just like yours ?