Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Do you know the difference between bored and boring?

Look at these examples to see how adjectives ending in -ed and -ing are used.

I was really bored in that presentation.
That was a really boring presentation.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Grammar test 1: Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Adjectives that end in -ed (e.g. bored, interested) and adjectives that end in -ing (e.g. boring, interesting) are often confused.

-ed adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ed generally describe emotions – they tell us how people feel.

I was so bored in that lesson, I almost fell asleep.
He was surprised to see Helen after all those years.
She was really tired and went to bed early.

-ing adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ing generally describe the thing that causes the emotion – a boring lesson makes you feel bored.

Have you seen that film? It's really frightening.
I could listen to her for hours. She's so interesting.
I can't sleep! That noise is really annoying!

Here are some adjectives that can have both an -ed and an -ing form.

annoyed annoying
bored boring
confused confusing
disappointed disappointing
excited exciting
frightened frightening
interested interesting
surprised surprising
tired tiring
worried worrying

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Grammar test 2: Adjectives ending in '-ed' and '-ing'

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Language level

A1 English level (elementary)
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Hello again Ira92

I understand the question you are asking, but please note that 'ashamed' is always an adjective and never a past participle -- 'shamed' is the past participle of the verb 'shame'.

There are other many other cases where an adjective is formed from the past participle of a verb, i.e. it is identical in form to the past participle -- for example, all of the adjectives in the box above. 

Sometimes the grammar of a sentence will make it clear if one of these words is an adjective or a past participle that is part of a passive verb. For example, 'I was annoyed by the noise'. In this case, the phrase 'by the noise' is clearly the agent of the passive verb 'was annoyed'. But we could also say 'I was annoyed due to the noise'. In this case, there is no passive verb, so 'annoyed' is an adjective. Most of the time, in the end the meaning is pretty much the same, so the difference doesn't affect the meaning very much one way or the other.

Hope this helps you make sense of it.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

omanov 提交于 周一, 01/06/2020 - 09:57

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lima9795 提交于 周六, 25/04/2020 - 17:27

Hello BBC, i can't describe how amazing i felt last night ? OR i can't describe how amazed i feel last night ?

Hello lima9795

The first one is correct.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

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Hello Chanda Patekar

The most comprehensive grammar on our site is the Grammar reference, but please note that it is not truly comprehensive -- that would take thousands of pages to do. The materials on our site are designed to help people learning English improve their understanding more than serve as a comprehensive reference.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

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Elias_Hossain 提交于 周四, 26/03/2020 - 17:05

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Hello Ghulam Ali Shah

We're so glad that you find our work useful! Thanks very much for letting us know.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Axggdamer 提交于 周日, 08/03/2020 - 17:19

Is this page only teach to someone with feelings?, sorry for the stupid question but Im a mexican trying to learn some english in his spare time. I dont know even whether this is universal or no

Hello Axggdamer

There are many adjectives that don't end in '-ed' or '-ing'. You can make an adjective from the present participle ('-ing') or past participle ('-ed') of many verbs, but not all.

Most of the adjectives that end in '-ed' and '-ing' do refer to feelings or reactions, but there are some (e.g. 'boiling' and 'boiled') that do not.

Hope this helps!

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Imgenn Imgenn 提交于 周日, 08/03/2020 - 13:51

These exercises were interesting and exciting! I was not bored! :)

wcyam10 提交于 周二, 25/02/2020 - 08:03

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Dede Rohaniawati 提交于 周二, 18/02/2020 - 06:56

correct 7 from 8

FKON 提交于 周二, 11/02/2020 - 10:39

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rodrigues.wislei 提交于 周一, 20/01/2020 - 21:46

I didn't get bored doing this activite.