Pronouns

Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. We often use them to avoid repeating the nouns that they refer to. Pronouns have different forms for the different ways we use them. 

Read clear grammar explanations and example sentences to help you understand how pronouns are used. Then, put your grammar knowledge into practice by doing the exercises.  

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SonuKumar 提交于 周二, 23/11/2021 - 21:54

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Sir,
Both are a different thing.
Both are different things.
The two are a different thing.
The two are different things.
Are all of them correct and do they all mean the same thing ?

Hello SonuKumar,

In my view 'both' and 'The two' are plural, so the second and fourth sentences are possible (with 'different things').

'Both' and 'the two' strike me as redundant since if one of the items is different then both must be, but it is grammatically possible. I think a more natural option would be simply 'they'.

Peter
The LearnEnglish Team

wigyan 提交于 周二, 02/11/2021 - 02:41

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Respected sir,

1. All employees wished one another a happy new year.

2. All employees wished one another happy new year.

Which one is correct?
If 1 is wrong, why?

Hello wigyan,

I'd probably say 'a happy new year', but both of these are correct.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

wigyan 提交于 周三, 27/10/2021 - 10:05

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Respected sir,

1. I have a dozen of doubts in this concept.
2. I have four dozen of oranges.

which sentence is correct?

Hi wigyan,

Actually, both sentences need a correction. It should be 'a dozen' + noun (without the article), e.g. 'a dozen doubts' and 'four dozen oranges'. :)

Jonathan
The LearnEnglish Team

Ei Thandar Kyaw 提交于 周五, 13/08/2021 - 09:24

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Hello! I would like to check my answer from 'Discover your test' The question is The baby boy saw ... in the mirror and started to cry. I chose 'itself'. At that time I'm not sure.It is correct or not. Please kindly fix if my writing is wrong. Thank you in advance.

Jonathan R 提交于 周五, 13/08/2021 - 15:39

Ei Thandar Kyaw 回复

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Hi Ei Thandar Kyaw,

I think himself is the most likely answer, since the sentence mentions 'boy'.

If the sentence was just The baby saw ... (without mentioning 'boy'), then 'itself' would be the best answer.

I hope that helps :)

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much for your answer.It is very helpful for me.When I answer that question i didn't noticed 'the baby boy' i thought it was 'the baby'.Next time i must read the question very carefully.
Dear Sir, Kindly explain me that, Mitigors & Intensifiers are Adjective of is that Adverb? I have read about in adjective section but I am still confuse to make sense about.

Hello Imran 26,

Mitgators and intensifiers are adverbs which are used to make adjectives weaker or stronger, respectively. They are in the adjectives section because they are used only with adjectives and not with verbs or as sentence adverbs.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Peace95 提交于 周三, 28/07/2021 - 16:45

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hi, I have a quick question: 1. Which of these sentence constrauctions is the correct one? - Here it is/Here I am - Here is it/Here am I. 2. Is it correct to say "It's I" or should it be "It's me"? Thanks.

Peter M. 提交于 周四, 29/07/2021 - 06:48

Peace95 回复

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Hi Peace95,

The first sentence is correct. This is an example of inversion in which the adverb here is moved to the front, but there is no need to change the subject-verb order.

 

We say it's me not it's I. The same is true for other pronouns: it's him, it's them etc.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Tomi 提交于 周二, 27/07/2021 - 22:14

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Hi, I'm a bit confused about the use of "I want to . . ." and "I wanted to . . " I sometimes hear people say "I wanted to" when they ought to say "I want to". For example, if you want to thank someone for his help, is it correct to say "I wanted to thank you for your help"? The fact is, you still (presently) want to thank him, so your desire to thank him is not in the past. Even if you have been thinking of thanking him since last week, you're still thinking of it today; so, it's in the present. In such a case, why would it be correct to say "I wanted to thank you" instead of simply saying "I want to thank you"?

Hello Tomi,

This is a great observation. You are right in thinking that 'wanted' really means 'want' in such cases. The reason people use a past form is because it is considered more polite.

Using a verb form that is more 'distant' in time from the actual time we are speaking about is one common way of being polite in English. So in this example, a past form is used to speak about the present. We use the past in this way particularly when expressing our desire to do something.

Another example is the use of 'would like' instead of 'want' -- 'would like' is more 'distant' than 'want' because it is more of an expression of a desire than a direct request. When, for example, people are at the counter at Tim Horton's, they generally say 'I'd like a coffee' instead of 'I want a coffee' to make their order because it is more polite.

Hope this helps you make sense of it.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Agape77 提交于 周二, 27/07/2021 - 21:50

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Hi LearnEnglish Team, If I want to ask someone to use a camera to take photos of me, what is the grammatically correct way to make this request? Is there only one correct way of making the request, or are there multiple ways of saying it? For example, is it correct to say: - Could you take me a photo? - Could you snap me a photo? - Could you take a photo of me? - Could you take my picture? Thank you.

Hello Agape77,

Native speakers would probably use your third option and often we say 'picture' instead of 'photo', though there's nothing wrong with saying 'photo'. In general, the phrase I'd recommend is 'take a picture of', but of course you could change other parts of the request. For example, instead of 'Could you take', you could say 'Would you mind taking' or 'Could I ask you to take'.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Agape77 提交于 周四, 17/06/2021 - 15:55

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Hi, I have a quick question. If I put shoes on a child's feet, what would be the best way to say what I have done? Would it be correct to say "I wore him his shoes"? Thanks.

Hello Agape77,

We use 'wear' to talk about the clothing that a person has on their body. We usually use 'put on' to say what you mean: 'I put his shoes on' is what you should say here.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much for clarifying. I have one more question: If I put shoes on the feet of an adult (e.g., an elderly person), would it also be correct to say, 'I put his shoes on?' Wouldn't that be ambiguous in the sense that it could also mean that I put his shoes on me rather than on him?

Hello Agape77,

The answer to both of your questions is 'yes': yes, that would be correct in that situation, and yes, it could potentially be ambiguous. If you wanted to make it completely clear, you'd have to say something like 'I put his shoes on to protect his feet' or 'I put his shoes on because mine were dirty'.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello LearnEnglish Team, 1. I learned something new from your reply to Agape77's questions above. You say it could potentially be ambiguous to say "I put his shoes on" because it could mean I put the shoes on him or on me. But can't we avoid that ambiguity by simply saying "I put his shoes on me" or "I put his shoes on him"? 2. What's the difference between "try and" and "try to". For example, which of these two sentences is grammatically the correct? -I will try to do my homework. -I will try and do my homework. When do we use "try and" as opposed to "try to"? Thanks. Tomi.

Hi Tomi,

In answer to the first question, yes, you could use the sentences you suggested. I was just imagining different situations that the sentences might come up in with my suggestions, but yours are perfect as well.

As for your second question, 'try to' and 'try and' mean the same thing, but 'try and' is more informal. In informal situations, it's also common to hear 'and' instead of 'to' after 'wait' (e.g. 'Let's wait and see what happens').

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Risa warysha 提交于 周五, 12/02/2021 - 14:13

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Hello, the Team Could you please explain the difference of these words "great number", "vast number", "large number"? Are they the same? And can they be followed by "of plural noun"? If so, what will be the verb, singular or plural form? Thank you very much

Hi Risa warysha,

Those three phrases with number mean the same thing. They all show that the number is very high. Yes, they can be followed by of and a plural noun, and the verb is usually plural. Here are some examples:

  • A great number of people pass through the station every day.
  • A large number of trees are cut down every day.

Best wishes,

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Can we say "Great numbers of people pass through the station every day"? Or "the great number(s) of people consuming alcohol has declined"? Is the second sentence logic?

Hello Risa warysha,

These sentences are grammatical and so you could use them from that point of view. I would probably choose other ways to phrase them, though, though it really depends on the situation.

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Sorry, sir So what is the difference of the usage of these phrases: "great numbers of", "a great number of" and "the great number of" Thank you, sir

Hi Risa warysha,

In many cases, several of these phrases can be used, with similar meanings. For example, we could say:

  • A great number of people pass through the station every day.
  • Great numbers of people pass through the station every day.

There's only a slight difference: the second sentence implies that the number of people may change (e.g. on different days, or at different times), because the plural (Great numbers) means that there is more than one measurement of the number of people. It seems to describe the situation more generally. In many cases, though, this difference may not matter, and you could use either phrase.

These sentences also mean pretty much the same thing:

  • The great number of people consuming alcohol has declined.
  • The great numbers of people consuming alcohol has declined.

But the first one seems like it's describing a specific survey result, because it mentions The great number (i.e. a single, particular number). The second sentence seems like it's describing the situation more in general.

Does that make sense?

Jonathan

The LearnEnglish Team

Samin 提交于 周四, 21/01/2021 - 05:32

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Hi team Kindly help about collective noun in the following sentences Japan is consists of many islands Here, consists of many islands - collective? He visited many countries of the world Is "countries of the the world" collective..or common- countries, world (both) World- common or proper?

Hello Samin,

A collective noun is one which takes a number of items as a single unit. For example:

a crowd of people ['crowd' is the collective noun]

a group of children

a herd of cows

 

In your examples I do no see any collective nouns. The word 'consist' is a verb, not a noun. The word 'countries' is a normal plural noun, not a collective term.

 

The word 'world' is not a proper noun. 'Earth' would be a proper noun to describe our planet.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Yolanda 提交于 周五, 30/10/2020 - 14:26

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Hello, I don’t really know the meaning of ‘optical house’. Could you help me, please? Thank you very much.

Hello Yolanda,

I'm not sure, either, to be honest. Would 'optician's' make sense in the context you saw this phrase?

All the best,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Sir, please explain me the difference between " deed and indeed " . thank you

Hello Imran 26

'deed' is a noun with a variety of meanings, whereas 'indeed' is an adverb that is used for emphasis or to express a reaction on the part of the speaker. Please have a look at the dictionary entries, and be sure to read through the examples. 

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

SonuKumar 提交于 周五, 22/05/2020 - 08:58

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Sir, This is the life of which I can't make a living out. This is the life which I can't make a living out of. This is the life of that I can't make a living out This is the life that I can't make a living out of. I think only the first is correct and more usual. what do you think ? I hope you and entire team is safe and sound in this time of crisis and stay that way!

Peter M. 提交于 周六, 23/05/2020 - 07:28

SonuKumar 回复

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Hello SonuKumar,

The second and fourth sentences are grammatically possible; the first and third are not. However, none of them scan particularly well and they would be better phrased in a different way.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, I think this one is better. This is the life I can't make a living out of. Is there another way by which I can say the same thing in a more appropriate, better and usual way ?

Peter M. 提交于 周一, 25/05/2020 - 07:09

SonuKumar 回复

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Hello SonuKumar,

I think something like 'This is the life I can't make a living from' might be better, but it's hard to say if it would be appropriate or even make sense without knowing the context and the style which you are aiming for.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, Thank you very much for your reply. I think the prepostion 'In' will also work here and another way to say the same thing is I can't make a living out of, from or in this life. But I got the point you made in the last comment about context. Thank you once again. Best wishes

Jonsey 提交于 周一, 01/02/2021 - 17:33

SonuKumar 回复

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I can´t make a living from this life. However, to a native english speaker it is still strange. What exactly are you trying to express?

Yerlan 提交于 周四, 02/04/2020 - 20:53

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Hello, dear teacher!!! Please, could you explain this simole sentence for me: I'm sorry but she's just kind of lost interest in buying the car. In this sentence where "she's" is "s" of has or is? and is "lost" participle or past simple(verb or adjective)? What elemet do normally follows after "kind of", i mean verb, adjective, noun?

Hello Yerlan,

In your sentence she's is a contracted form of she has. The verb lost is a past participle. Together this forms the present perfect (she's lost = she has lost), which is used because the action took place in the recent past and has a result which is relevant now (she owns a new car).

 

Kind of is a very flexible phrase and can be used before many different types of word:

He's kind of nice. [before an adjective]

He kind of ran away. [before a verb]

It's kind of a family tradition. [before a noun]

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hosseinpour 提交于 周一, 30/03/2020 - 13:30

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Dear Kirk, thank you a lot.

Hosseinpour 提交于 周日, 29/03/2020 - 06:59

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Hello dear team, Please see these sentences. Are they true grammatically? A court is a place where people play tennis. That is the race which millions of people watch. 1992 is the year when the Olympics were held in Barcelona. You will never forget the day when you were born. Thank you

Hello Hosseinpour

Those are all fine -- good work!

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

SonuKumar 提交于 周六, 15/02/2020 - 20:48

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Sir, I'd very much like me a shoutout on the Radio. I'd very much like a shoutout for me on the Radio. Or I'd very much like myself a shoutout on the Radio. I'd very much like a shoutout for myself on the Radio. Which ones are correct the two with 'Me' or the two with 'Myself' or are four of them correct ?

Hello SonuKumar

All of them could be acceptable in informal, non-standard English. I'd say the most correct one in standard English would be the second one.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team