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The Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal (pronounced /ˌtɑːdʒ mə'hɑːl/) is a famous mausoleum next to the river Yamuna in the Indian city of Agra. A mausoleum is a building where people bury the dead. The name Taj Mahal means 'the crown of palaces'.


The most famous part of the Taj Mahal is the large white dome in the centre. It is 35 metres high and is surrounded by four smaller domes. The rooms inside the building are decorated with beautiful archways and precious stones in the walls. The buildings are surrounded by gardens with pathways, pools, fountains and green gardens.


The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and finished in 1653. It was built with materials from all over India and Asia, but the main material is white marble. Historians believe that the materials were transported by over 1,000 elephants for the construction.


The emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal as a burial place for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. According to legend, he wanted to build another Taj Mahal in black on the other side of the river, but this never happened. During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, many parts of the Taj Mahal were damaged by British soldiers, who took some of the precious stones from its walls. Over the years, the Taj Mahal has suffered from environmental damage, and there have been many government attempts to conserve its beauty.


The Taj Mahal is one of India's most famous landmarks. There are millions of visitors to the mausoleum every year. The Taj Mahal is almost always included in lists of famous buildings to visit and is considered one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.




Language level

Intermediate: B1


I haven't seen many famous places. One of the most famous landmarks which I have seen is a famous football stadium - Old Trafford in the England City of Manchester

I had tha chance to visit the Cologne cathedral in Germany. It was awesome, due is the largest church I know until now. Another interesting place I was is Teotihuacan pyramids in Mexico. A giant place with several pyramids with different meanings. There are also other structures as cemetaries with a rich history behind.

I have only seen Machu Picchu in my whole life. Here I have some information about that mausoleum:
Machu Picchu is a famous mausoleum which is located in Cusco/ Peru.
The most famous parts of Machu Picchu are the large archways located in the difference entrances.
They are 3.5 meters high (approximately).
The monument is surrounded by green gardens with pathways.
Machu Picchu was discovered by a Yale professor, Hiram Bringham in 1911. However, there's a conspiracy which says that a looter, called Augusto Berns, arrived at the city almost 43 years before Hiram Bingham. Historians affirm that the Incas built Machu Picchu around 1450; it was constructed as a royal estate which would have been used by the emperor and his family as a temporary respite to relax, hunt, and entertain guests.
When the Spanish conquest arrived to Peru, Machu Picchu was abandoned.
Since the year of its discovered, Machu Picchu has been protected by every government.
Machu Picchu is one of Peru's most famous landmarks. There are thousand of visitors to the mausoleum every weekend. In 2007, Machu Picchu was considered one of the New Seven Wonders of the world.

I only have visited one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
In the year 2018, my family and I went to Rio de Janeiro, in the country of Brazil, to visit the Christ the Redeemer. When we saw this monument we couldn't believe it! because it's huge and amazing, also its history was so interesting. Moreover, we met this amazing city and was incredible but understood Portuguese was difficult.

One of the famous place I have seen in my country is Bagan Acient city. Lots of foreigners are travelling to there ever years. It is also a UNESCO heritage site.

I have seen many famous places in overseas and my country. like Temples, palaces, nature places and some famous place for tourist.
It was all beautiful and impressive. Oneday, I hope I could see South America, Morocco, Egypt, India...and more. all countries are really interested.

I previously have visited local museums such as the Pedro Nel Gómez at Medellín. However, I haven't been in other historical places on a long time.

I have visited Machu Pichu.

In my country many of famous places river nile, forest and nutional park out side of my country neversee fiumes places.

the most historical place i have ever visited in my live is Borobudur Temple, located in Indonesia. i have visited it twice, first when i was still in jhs and the second with my mom's colleagues. it was a great place!